Ch. 23 Vocabulary


Literally means "lack of lipids". Describes skin that does not produce enough sebum, indicated by absence of visible pores.


Individual doses of serum, sealed in small vials.


The theraputic use of plant aromas for beauty and health treatment.

Brushing Machine

A rotating electric appliance with interchanheable brushes that can be attached to the rotating head.

Chemical Exfoliants

Products that contain chemicals that either loosen or dissolve dead cell buildup.


Massage movement accomplished by grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position.

Clay-Based Masks

Oil-absorbing cleansing masks that have an exfoliating effect and an astringent effect on oily and combination skin, making large pores temporarily appear smaller.

Cleansing Milks

Non-foaming lotion cleansers designed to cleanse dry and sensitive skin types and to remove makeup.


Condition that requires avoiding certain treatments,procedures, or products to prevent undesirable side effects.


Distended capillaries caused by weakening of the capillary walls.

Cream Masks

Masks often containing oils and emollients as well as humectants; have a strong moisturizing effect.


Light, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers (digital) or the palms (palmar) in a slow, rhythmic manner.


The use of electrical currents to treat the skin.


Oil or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin.

Enzyme Peels

Also known as keratolytic enzymes or protein-dissolving agents; a type of chemical exfoliant that works by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells of the skin.


Products that help bring exfoliation.


The removal of excess dead cells from the skin surface.

Foaming Cleansers

Cleansers containing surfactants (detergents) which cause the product to foam and rinse off easily.


Deep rubbing movement requiring pressure on the skin with the fingers or palm while moving them over an underlying structure.


Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out; used mainly for massaging the arms.


Also known as roll-off masks; peeling creams that are rubbed off the skin.


Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage.


Also known as hydrators or water-binding agents; ingredients that attract water.


Also known as masques; concentrated treatment products often composed of minerals clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oils, botanical extracts and other beneficial ingredients to cleanse, exfoliate, tighten, tone, hydrate, and nourish


Manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, tapping, and other movements to increase metabolism and circulation, promote absorption, and relieve pain.

Massage Creams

Lubricants used to make the skin slippery during massage.

Mechanical Exfoliants

Methods used to phsically remove dead cell buildup.


Mechanical exfoliation that involves shooting aluminum oxide or other crystals at the skin with a hand-held device the exfoliates dead cells.

Microdermabrasion Scrubs

Scrubs that contains the aluminum oxide crystals.

Modelage Masks

Facial masks containing special crystals of gypsum, a plaster-like ingredient.


Products that help increase th emoisture content of the skin surface.

Motor Point

Point on the skin over the muscle where the pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle.

Open Comedones

Also known as blackheads; follicles impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup.


Follicle opening.

Paraffin Wax Masks

Specially prepared facial masks containing paraffin and other beneficial ingredents; typically used with treatment cream.


Kneading movement performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing the tissue with a light, firm pressure.


Massage movement in which the tissues are pressed and twisted using a fast back-and-forth movement.


Concentrated products that generally contian higher concentrations of ingredients designed to penetrate and treat various skin conditons.


A facial machine that heats and produces a stream of warm steam that can be focused on the client's face or other areas of the skin.


Also known as percussion; movements consisting of short quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements.


Also known as freshners or astringents; lotions that help rebalance the pH and remove remnants of cleanser from the skin.

Treatment Cream

A specialty product designed to facilitate change in the skin's appearance.


In massage, the rapid shaking of the body part while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application.


Vigorous movement in which the hands, placed a little distance apart on both sides of the client's arem or leg and working downward, apply a twisting motion aganist the bones in the opposite direction.