Environmental Humanities


a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment

social systems

material infrastructure (technology), culture (world views, beliefs, ideas and language) and social infrastructure (institutions, government and corporation)


shared ideas of a certain group of people at a specific time

symbolic culture

picture --> what is there, what you see

material culture

what you think about when you see something


the totality of your cultural beliefs about reality and the world (point of view)

cognized environments

how we interpret our world; shaped by culture and social construction



environmental fundamentalism


pluralizing nature


polarization v. pluralization


engaged pluralism




expressed values

The values we say we love and live

operative values

The values we really live by


a system of ideas and ideals, esp. one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy


questioning of established cultural norms, urge to reintegrate spirit and matter, desire to turn ideas into concrete action --> spread through the spheres of religion, education, literature, philosophy and social reform


values of an industrial society; resources are important over intrinsic value, Earth does not matter in the pursuit of progress, economy and the effect on the environment