Prehistory & Stone Age

Stone Age

The first know period of period of prehistoric humanculture characterized by the use of stone tools

Paleolithic Age

aka "The Old Stone Age" The earliest period of the Stone Age characterized by stone tools and the practice of hunting and gathering


a scientist who examines bones, tools, structure, and other objects to learn about past people and cultures


the language, religiousbeliefs, values, customes and other ways of life shared by a group of people

Homo Habilis

aka "man of skill," used very basic stone tools to cut meat & crack open bones

Slash and burn

a method of clearing land for farming bycutting burning of trees and vegetation

Homo Sapiens

aka "Wise Man" He had a larger brain then Homo Erectus. Scientists have classified Neanderthal (early Homo Sapien) and Cro Magnos as Homo Sapiens. At first these people hunted & gathered and later became farmers & herders

Neolithic Age

a.k.a. "New Stone Age" The last part of the Stone Age marked by the beginning of farming raising of animals, and the start of living is settled communities


The use of skills and tools and their applied knowledge toserve human needs

Secondary Source

an account of a historical event written by someone who was not an eyewitness to those events

Carbon 14 Dating

aka " radion carbon dating" Method of dating organic, geological, or archaeological specimens by measuring the amount of distintegration of carbon 14 in the specimen

Primary Source

A first hand account of an event, such as an official document, a diary, a painting, or a letter


a member of a tribe that moves from place to place has no permanent home, and follows their herds


to tame animals and plants in order to make them useful to people


(Cultivation) planting of seeds to grow crops


human made objects, such as a tool, weapon, or a piece of jewelry

Homo Erectus

aka "first upright man" - more intelligent and adaptable than homo habilis, skillful hunters, developed stone tools and was the first to use fire. He was the first homind to move out of Africa


a member of a biological species including human beings and related species that walk upright


anything found in the earth which is the hardened remains or traces of an animal or plant of a farmer geological age


a time before people began to keep written records