Key Concept 2 Questions

How did religions help strengthen political, economic, and cultural ties within societies?

Many religions spread through merchants and others who traveled to make a living.

How did religions promote a sense of unity?

Religions helped promote unity because people of the same religion had something to relate to and had same morals.

What are the characteristics and core teachings ofJudaism?

They believed in monotheism, the Torah, and the Ten Commandments.

What are the characteristics and core teachings ofHinduism(s)?

Believe and follow the Caste System in order to receive Moksha. If followed their duties every time they reincarnated they join Brahman.

What is a "universal religion?" Where did universalreligions exist by 600 C.E.?

Appeals to everyone such as Christianity and Buddhism, Existed in India/China/Europe.

What are the characteristics and core teachings ofBuddhism?

They live by the Four Noble Truths and believe in Buddhist Dharma, which is mainly the principle of reincarnation.

How and where did Buddhism spread by 600 CE?

Missionaries and merchants helped spread Buddhism which spread to India, China, and Central Asia.

What are the characteristics and core teachings ofConfucianism?

Social harmony by outlining proper rituals for all people in China. Philosophical and ethical teachings based on Confucius beliefs.

What are the characteristics and core teachings ofDaoism?


What are the characteristics and core teachings ofChristianity?

Monotheism/Believe that Jesus is the son of god and is savior of the world/Also follow the ten commandments like Judaism.

How and where did Christianity spread by 600 CE?

Missionaries and merchants spread Christianity throughout Africa, Europe and also in Rome.

What are the main characteristics of Greco-Roman philosophy and science?

Wisdom/Rational thinking/Emphasis on natural laws.

How did religions affect gender roles in their respective societies?


What other religious and cultural traditions were common by 600 CE?

Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Hinduism.

How did humans' reliance on the natural world influence religion?

Believed that something controlled what happened to them which started religion. For example, a god of the sun/moon/agriculture

How did humans relate to their deceased ancestors?

Many related to their ancestors by Ancestor Veneration.

How did art and culture develop to 600 CE?

There was Painting, Dancing, Sculptures, literary writing, and Plays.

What literary works influenced later eras?


How did different societies' architectural styles develop?

Architectural styles develop by the different people and their ideas, The great wall of China for instance.

What examples of Syncretism reflect the Classical Era to 600 C.E.?


What is an "empire," and what were empires' common characteristics during the Classical Era?

Centralized power(Emperor) ruled large land and most likely got that land by military conquest. Strong Military/Weapons, Social structure.

How did the number and size of Classical empires compare to the Ancient Era?


What were the most influential of the Classical Era empires?

Persian Empire/Greek Empire/ Qin and Han.

What technique did Classical empires create to administer their territories?

They created centralized administration to keep order & control.

What new political methods were created in order to rule the larger empires in the Classical Era?

Centralized power/legal systems

How did imperial governments let their population know that the government was "in charge?

Military Power, Type of laws they had.

What role did trade play in creating and maintaining empires?

The things traded helped the empire only whether it was bronze metal, food, or water.

What unique social and economic characteristics existed in empires?


What function did imperial cities perform?


What social classes and occupations were common in empires?

Slaves and peasants/commoners/merchants/warriors/ruling class.

What labor systems provided the workers for Classical Empires?

Slavery/People with debts paid by working for a certain amount of time/tributes.

Describe the gender & family structures of Classical era empires.

Patriarchal society/ Adult men ruled.

What caused Classical Empires to decline, collapse, or transform into something else?

Too much expansion and couldn't keep everything under control.

What were the environmental and social weaknesses of Classical Empires?


What external weaknesses contributed to the end of Classical Empires?


How did Classical era trade networks compare to Ancient era networks?


What forces contributed to the changes between the two eras?


What was commonly traded along these trade networks?


How did Trade and communication networks develop by 600 C.E.?


What technologies enabled long-distance overland andmaritime trade?


Besides the physical goods, what intangibles also traveled along trade networks?


What crops spread along Classical Era trade networks?


What effects did diseases have on Classical empires?


What was the relationship between trade networks and religions?