1.2 Forms of Government

Aristocracy

Government ruled by the wealthy or upper class

Autocracy

Rule by one person who has total control over others; dictatorship

Constitutional Monarchy

Government in which the powers of the monarch are limited by and defined by a constitution

Democracy

Government in which political power is retained by all the people

Despotism

Autocratic ruler; the ruler maintains absolute power

Dictatorship

A government in which a ruler possesses absolute power

Fascism

One party system of government with individuals subjected to the control of the state

Federalism

Union of several states under a central government

Monarchy

Sovereign control of a government by a hereditary ruler

Oligarchy

Rule of the government by a few people

Republic

A representative democracy, where elected officials exercise power vested in them by sovereign citizens

Theocracy

Government in which the clergy rules

Totalitarianism

System in which a highly centralized government is controlled exclusively by one party and maintained by political suppression

Capitalism

An economic system based on private ownership of capital

Socialism

A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.

Communism

A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

Vladimir Lenin

Created Vansgard Party(communist party)

Karl Marx

Utopia