Lesson 6 -Exposure

Lesson 6 - Exposure

Your Equipment Will Determine How You Expose Your Photographs.
If you have a DSLR or digital point-and-shoot camera, getting the proper exposure for a photograph can be accomplished in several different ways. Some photographers still place their faith in

Shutter Speed and Aperture

The shutter is the device that lets light reach the sensor or film for a precise length of time.
Shutter speeds are marked on the camera as 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30, 60, 125, 250, 500, and 1000. These are actually fractions-1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8 and so on. Many came

Program Shift

Your camera may have a very handy feature called Program Shift. When you are in that mode, you can change the shutter speed/aperture combination.
Suppose your camera's meter gives you a reading that causes the camera to select an aperture/shutter speed co

Program Mode and Camera Shake

Program Mode and Automatic Mode usually select a safe shutter speed for the lens you are using, one that should be fast enough to minimize camera shake. For example, if you are using a 50mm lens, it would select a shutter speed of , say, 1/60 sec. Or, if

Exposure Modes

There are 4 basic exposure modes:
Automatic/Program Mode
For some camera brands, these are two separate modes, with Automatic designed to be goof-proof. Basically, in Program Mode, you let the camera's hardware and software make the exposure decision base

What Is Exposure?

We don't expose properly, we either overexpose the scene, causing it to be light and "washed out" or underexposed, causing it to be dark. And we made this error even though our camera provided us with the latest foolproof, built-in exposure meter and auto

Automatic Exposure (AE)

To determine exposure, you use an exposure meter. Almost all cameras have a built-in exposure meter, which also offers you the benefit of Automatic Exposure. Today, virtually all point-and-shoot cameras and DSLRs have Automatic Exposure. In theory, all yo

Camera Metering Systems

Basically, there are three different types of metering systems that you may find yourself using.
You may be using a fully Automatic
Metering System. This system is used in basic point-and-shoot cameras that are automatic everything. The camera does it all

What is Good Exposure?

Good exposure first and foremost avoids losing detail in large areas of the image. For example, there should be detail in the highlights rather than washed-out white areas that make it impossible to get a sense of form or detail in those areas. In additio

Exposure Meters

There are two basic types of meters.
* Reflected-light meters
* Incident-light meters
Reflected-light Meters
The meter that is built into your camera is a reflected-light meter. That means it's designed to read light that is reflected off the subject that