# Chapter 4

Which of the following statements does not describe force?

force causes objects at rest to remain stationary

Which of the following forces arises from direct physical contact between two objects?

contact force

A newton is equivalent to which of the following?

kg x m/s^2

A free-body diagram represents all of the following except?

forces exerted by the objects

The free-body diagram shown above represents a car being pulled by a towing cable. In the diagram, the 5800 N force is

the force exerted by the towing cable on the car

In the free-body diagram shown above, which of the following is the gravitational force acting on the balloon?

4050 N

A waitperson carrying a tray with a platter on it tips the tray at an angle of 12 degrees below the horizontal. If the gravitational force on the platter is 5.0 N, what is the magnitude of the force parallel to the tray that tends to cause the platter to slide down the tray?

1.0 N

A car goes forward along a level road at a constant velocity. The additional force needed to bring the car into equilibrium is

zero

If a nonzero net force is acting on an object, then the object is definitely

being accelerated

Which statement about the acceleration of an object is correct?

the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the net external force acting on the object and inversely proportional to the mass of the object

An airplane with a mass of 1.20 x 10^4 kg tows a glider with a mass of 0.60 x 10^4 kg. If the airplane propellers provide a net forward thrust of 3.60 x 10^4 N, what is the acceleration of the glider?

2.00 m/s^2

Which are simultaneous equal but opposite forces resulting from the interaction of two objects?

action-reaction pairs

Newton's third law of motion involves the interactions of

two objects and two forces

A hammer drives a nail into a piece of wood. Identify an action-reaction pair in this situation.

The hammer exerts a force on the nail;the nail exerts a force on the hammer

A leaf falls from a tree and lands on the sidewalk. Identify an action-reaction pair in this situation.

The leaf exerts a force on the sidewalk; the sidewalk exerts a force on the leaf

As a basketball player starts to jump for a rebound, the player begins to move upward faster and faster until his shoes leave the floor. At a moment the player begins to jump, the force of the floor on the shoes is

greater than the player's weight

Which of the following forces is an example of a contact force?

frictional force

Which of the following forces is an example of a field force?

gravitational force

Which of the following statements does not describe force?

Force causes objects at rest to remain stationary

An object is at rest suspended from two cables. Which of the following properly describes the forces involved?

The forces acting upward and downward on the object are balanced

The length of a force vector represents the

magnitude of the force

A single force acts on an object. The components of this force act along the +x-axis and the -y-axis. The single force that will bring the object into equilibrium has components that act along the

#NAME?

What is the minimum resultant possible when adding a 5-N force to an 8-N force?

3 N

A 100-N lantern is suspended by a pair of ropes with 120 degrees between them (each 60 degrees from the vertical). The tension in each rope is

100 N

Which of the following descriptions best describes an object at rest on a table?

The support force is equal to the object's weight

The Newton is the SI unit for what physical quantity?

force

What term is used to describe the vector sum of all forces acting on an object?

net force

Which of the following is the cause of an acceleration?

force

Which of the following forces arises from direct physical contact between two objects?

contact force

A free-body diagram of a ball falling in the presence of air resistance would show

a downward arrow to represent the force due to gravity and an upward arrow to represent the force of air resistance

A car goes forward along a level road at constant velocity. The additional force needed to bring the car into equilibrium is

zero

As an object falls toward Earth,

the upward acceleration of Earth is negligible because of its large mass.

A net force of 6.8 N accelerates a 31 kg scooter across a level parking lot. What is the magnitude of the scooter's acceleration?

0.22 m/s2

A hockey stick hits a puck on the ice. Identify an action-reaction pair in this situation.

The stick exerts a force on the puck; the puck exerts a force on the stick

A ball is dropped from a person's hand and falls to Earth. Identify an action-reaction pair in this situation.

Earth exerts a force on the ball; the ball exerts a force on Earth

The magnitude of the gravitational force acting on an object is

weight

What causes a moving object to change direction?

force

Which of the following forces exists between objects even in the absence of direct physical contact?

field force

Which of the following is the tendency of an object to maintain its state of motion?

inertia

A small force acting on a human-sized object causes

a small acceleration

According to Newton's second law, when the same force is applied to two objects of different masses,

the object with greater mass will experience a smaller acceleration and the object with lessmass will experience a greater acceleration.

The statement by Newton that for every action there is an equal but opposite reaction is which of his laws of motion?

third

A measure of the quantity of matter is

mass

A change in the force of gravity acting on an object will affect the object's

weight