Chapter 6 Juvenile Justice

Status offenses include

Actions such as running away, habitual truancy, violating curfew, and underage drinking

Underage drinking

Alcohol use continues to be a major source of arrests of juveniles

Binge Drinking

The consumption of large quantities of alcohol within a short period

Rave

An all-night party generally with load techno music, dancing, drinking,and doing drugs.

The trend for status offense arrests is

Decreasing. This includes running away, violating curfew and underage drinking.

Delinquent

A youth who commits an act that would be a crime were it be committed by an adult.

The most frequent juvenile arrests are for

Property crimes, with larceny-theft beings most common.

Serious juvenile offender

Has been convicted of a Part One offense

Serious child delinquent

Between the age 7 and 12 and has committed a one or more homicides, aggravated assaults, robberies, rapes or serious arson

Chronic juvenile offender

Has a record of five or more separate charges of delinquency, regardless of the offenses gravity

Violent juvenile offender

Has been convicted of a violent Part One offense, one against a person rather than property and has a prior adjudication of such an offense or is a youth who has been convicted of murder.

Instrumental Violence

Uses violence as a way to obtain material possessions

Expressive violence

A way to vent emotions

Juvenile justice perspective

Juvenile violence is the result of youths free choice and is to be punished as a criminal

The public health perspective

Is that youths are victims of social forces and they are to be treated