Chapter 15

small intestine

intestine that absorbs nutrients

ileostomy

creation of a new opening between the ileim and the abdominal wall

esophagus

muscular tube; moves food to stomach

steatorrhea

fat in stool

dyspepsia

indigestion

cholecystectomy

excision of the gall bladder

cholesocholithiasis

bile duct stones

gallbladder

stores bile

pancreas

secretes enzymes and sodium bicarbonate

lithothripsy

crushing stones

edentulous

lack of teeth

liver

manufactures bile

large intestine

intestine that absorbs water and vitamins

villi

fingerlike projections of the small intestine

gastroenterologist

digestive system specialist

oral cavity

mouth and all that is in it

hematemesis

vomiting blood

colonoscopy

visual exam of the large intestine

gallbladder

stores bile

rugae

folds inside the stomach

BE

barium enema

CBD

common bile duct

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopanceratophy

GB

gallbladder

GBS

gallbladder series

GER

gastroesophageal reflux

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disorder

GI

gastrointestinal

IVC

intravenous cholangiogram

LES

lower esophageal sphincter

NG

nasogastric

NGT

nasogastric tube

NPO

nothing by mouth

PTC

percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

S&D

stomach and duodenum

TE

tracheoesophageal

UGI

upper gastrointestinal