The American Promise: A Compact History--Ch 26 Cold War Politics in the Truman Years

Helen Gahagan Douglas

former Bradway star and opera singer turned politician; democrat and supporter of Truman

Harry S. Truman

Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb; wanted cooperation between the US and USSR

George F. Kennan

Believed the US should resist Soviet attempts to expand power and influence. "the father of containment

Henry A. Wallace

Secretary of Commerce fired by Truman due to his pro-Soviet views; thought that the US had no buisness in the political affairs of Eastern Europe

Mao Zedong

Chinese communist leader who defeated Nationalists during civil war

Joseph R. McCarthy

Senator from Wisconsin who led a crusade to investigate officials he claimed were Communists

Ethel and Julius Rosenberg

American communists who were executed for passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union

Jackie Robinson

The first African American player in the major league of baseball

Douglas MacArthur

US general who was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

WWII general who was elected president in the 1952 election

iron curtain

a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region

containment

American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world

Truman Doctrine

President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism

Marshall Plan

a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)

Berlin airlift

airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin

hydrogen bomb

500 times more powerful than the atomic bomb. Truman ordered the development of it to outpace the Soviets.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO

Defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European countries, the US and Canada

Central Intelligence Agency CIA

This group was created after WW II to coordinate American intelligence activities abroad, conspiracy, and meddling as well.

third world

underdeveloped and developing countries of Asia and Africa and Latin America collectively

Fair Deal

Truman's extension of the New Deal that increased min wage, expanded Social Security, and constructed low-income housing

Servicemen's Readjustment Act (GI Bill)

gave job training and low-intrest loans for housing, a farm, or a buisness to veterans

Housing Act of 1949

provided 810,000 units of public housing

McCarthyism

The act of accusing people of disloyalty and communism

Truman's loyalty program

Truman tested for communist alliances within government; government employees prohibited from taking part in remotely-communist activities

NSC 68

review of security policy, advocated large conventional and nuclear forces