Lab Values 04

pH (ABG)

ABG 7.35-7.45

pCO2

ABG 35-45

pO2

ABG 80-100

HCO3

ABG 21-28

O2 Sat %

ABG 90-95 %

Hemoglobin (g/dl)

Male 14-18
Female 12-16

Hematocrit %

Male 42-52
Female 36-44

RBC's

Male 4.6-6.1
Female 4.2-5.4

Platelet count

150,000 - 450,000

WBC's (cells/ml)

5,000-10,000

BUN mg/dl

10-20
This test is used to measure liver function and indirectly to assess renal function and glomerular filtration rate.

Creatinine mg/dl

0.6 - 1.2
This is a renal function test used to estimate glomerular filtration rate, and follow progression of renal disease.

Calcium mg/dl

9 - 10
This test is used to evaluate parathyroid function and calcium metabolism.

Chloride mEq/L

95-107
This test by itself does not provide adequate information. However, as part of a multiphasic testing for electrolytes it can give an indication of acid-base balance and hydrational status.

Magnesium mEq/L

1.6-2.4

Potassium mEq/L

3.5-5
This routine test is used to evaluate and monitor electrolyte balance and is especially important for cardiac individuals.

Sodium mEq/L

136-145
This routine test is used to evaluate and monitor fluid and electrolyte balance and therapy.

Glucose fasting mg/dl

70-105
This test directly measures glucose levels and is commonly used in the evaluation of diabetes.

Hemoglobin A1C %

5 (up to 7 in pt's with DM)

Cholesterol mg/dl

< 200
This test is used to determine the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and hyperlipidemias.

HDL Cholesterol

>40 men
>50 women
This test measures alpha lipoprotein and is used to predict heart disease.

LDL Cholesterol mg/dl

<100
This test measures beta lipoproteins and is used to predict heart disease.

Triglycerides

<150

Therapeutic INR

2-3

PT

11-14 seconds

PTT

16-40 (remain <40 sec)

INR

0.9-1.2

Albumin g/dl

3.8-5

Ammonia mcg/dl

35-65

Total bilirubin mg/dl

0.0-1.5
This test is used to evaluate liver function

Total protein g/dl

6-8

Specific Gravity

1.005-1.030

pH (Urine)

4.6-8

Bacteria colonies/ml

<1000

Uric acid

This test is used in the evaluation of gout or recurrent urinary calculi.

BUN/Creatinine ratio

This test is used to diagnose impaired renal function. With creatinine, BUN is used to monitor individuals on dialysis.

Phosphorus

This test is used to measure serum phosphorus. An imbalance could indicate the possibility of any number of conditions.

Protein/Albumin/Globulin

This test is used to assist in the detection of many diseases that affect blood proteins as a whole or one single fraction of protein.

Albumin/Globulin Ratio

This test is used to evaluate renal disease and other chronic disease.

Alkaline Phosphatase

This test is used to detect and monitor liver and/or bone disease.

LDH (Lactic dehydrogenase)

This test measures the intracellular enzyme LDH which, when present in the blood, can support the detection of injury or disease.

AST (SGOT)

This test is used to evaluate the possibility of coronary occlusive heart disease or liver disease.

ALT (SGPT)

This test is used to identify liver disease and to distinguish between the liver and red blood cell hemolysis as the source of jaundice.

Iron

This test is used to evaluate many disease including iron deficiency anemia and hemochromatosis.

Cholesterol

This test is used to determine the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and hyperlipidemias.

Triglycerides

This test is used to identify the risk of developing coronary heart disease or if fat metabolism disorders are suspected.

Total Cholesterol/HDL Ratio

This test is used to determine the risk for coronary heart disease.

CBC (complete blood count) with platelets and differential

This is a series of tests of the peripheral blood which provides a variety of information about the blood components.