World History Unit Test Ch. 4

Historians and archaeologists know few details about Indus society because Indus people did not have a writing system.


In Hinduism, fulfilling one's dharma allows a person to create good karma, to avoid suffering, and, eventually, to break free from the cycle of rebirth.


Hindu religious practices vary widely, and worship does not have to take place in temples or religious shrines.


The cool and dry climate along the Huang He made it an excellent region for growing rice.


The best known artifacts of the Shang dynasty are intricate, colorful woven tapestries done by elite Shang women.


Scholars believe that Indus civilization was a single society rather than a collection of independent city-states because

city designs were similar and people shared a standard set of weights and measures.

The economy of the Indus civilization was based on

agriculture and trade.

The brahmin varna gained more influence as

religious rituals grew more complex and became more important in Vedic society.

Read the passage from the Rigveda. Which of the following would you expect to have the lowest status in Vedic society?

the Sudra

The passage from the Rigveda is about he creation of the


Hindus believe that the atman is released from the body at death and later reborn in another body in a process called


Jains disagreed with Hindus over which of the following?

the emphasis on ritual

The Four Noble Truths teach that

everyone suffers from the desire for material things, but overcoming these desires will bring suffering to an end.

Mountains, hills, and deserts helped the Chinese to thrive because

these features protected China from invasion.

The presence of valuable items and sacrificed prisoners of war in Shang royal tombs indicates that the Shang

believed in an afterlife.

Which of the following resulted from rebellions against Zhou rule?

the Warring States Period

The people of India's first civilization depended on monsoon rains to bring water for crops

and to cause flooding which deposited fertile soil.

Archaeologists have found two large, well-planned Indus Valley cities—Harappa and

Mohenjo Daro.

The Buddha taught

those who follow the Eightfold Path can attain nirvana.

During the Vedic period members of each varna

played specific roles in society.

Most Jains are vegetarians because

they are careful to not harm any living creature.

Confucius responded to the chaos in China during the late Zhou period by

teaching that people should love and respect one another through traditional manners and rituals.

Seasonal winds that can bring warm air and heavy rains from the Indian Ocean to parts of India are called ____________________.


In Hinduism, escape from the cycle of rebirth is called ____________________.


central concept of Jainism is the idea of ____________________, or nonviolence.


____________________ is a branch of Mahayana Buddhism that emphasizes self-discipline and meditation.


____________________ teaches that all things in nature are connected. By finding one's place in nature it is possible for a person to achieve harmony with the universe.


The Buddha

Siddhartha Gautama

Introduced by the Zhou to gain acceptance for their rule

Mandate of Heaven

Large landmass that is part of a continent


Became the backbone of the Zhou economy and strengthened the army


Mound of the dead

Mohenjo Daro

The place where the Buddha found enlightenment

Bodh Gaya

Sacred text that built on the Vedas


Had none of the protections of caste law


Helped spread Buddhism throughout India


Exercises to help focus bodies and mind to aid meditation