Practice Exam Questions_ Anatomy Exam 2

Most of the venous blood from the heart (coronary circulation) is collected initially into which of the following?

coronary sinus

Which nerve(s) provides both motor and sensory innervation to the diaphragm?

phrenic

Which of the following is considered to be the dominant intrinsic pacemaker of the heart?

SA node

Increased parasympathetic innervation in the thorax results in

vasoconstriction of the coronary arteries.

Which of the following pleura are insensitive to usual (somatic) painful stimulants?

Visceral

Excess fluid or blood can be removed from around the heart by " tapping" the pericardial cavity (pericardiocentesis) by going through the ________ intercostal space in a "window" provided by the __________ of the left lung.

5th, cardiac notch

During removal of a lung segment where would you find the "segmental" pulmonary veins to ligate them?

between the bronchopulmonary segments

A kid fell asleep with a fake "Mickey Mouse" cap on one of his front teeth. When he woke up it was gone, and he was having some discomfort in his chest. At the ER a chest Xray was taken and the cap found. In the picture provided, where was the mickey mous

bronchus intermedius

In about 2/3 of the cases the position of the appendix is described as:

rectocecal

Below the arcuate line, the anterior rectus sheath is formed entirely from the

aponeurosis of the transversus abdominis, internal oblique and external oblique

The cremaster fascia and muscle is derived from the ....

internal oblique

Clinicians use the cremaster reflex to test the integrity of vertebral level L1-L2. Which nerve is involved.

genitofemoral

Direct inguinal hernias

pass through Hesselbach's triangle, medial to the inferior epigastric vessels

A patient with an enlarged bulge in the scrotum anterior to the testes, which is translucent when placed in contact with a light sourse, is most likely an example of a/an

hydrocele

On the left side, the ovarian vein drains directly into which of the following veins?

renal vein

Parasympathetic innervation to the small intestine is via the ...

vagus nerve

A patent processus vaginalis is a ready made path for which type of hernia?

indirect hernia

The portal vein ....

is formed behind the neck of the pancreas from the superior mesenteric, splenic and inferior mesenteric veins.

What is the name of the thickening of the submucosa of the cystic duct that prevent it from collapsing and overdistending?

spiral valve

In the female, what exits the superficial inguinal ring?

round ligament of the uterus

Sympathetic innervation to the GI tract results in

vasoconstriction

The visceral peritoneum is sensitive to stimuli that ..

stretches the peritoneum

The rectus abdominis muscle is innervated by the ...

lower 6 thoracic nerves

The paracolic gutter that leads directly from the pelvis to the hepatorenal recess is the

right lateral

Which of the following is NOT an antonomic nerve plexus?

sacral plexus

Which of the following is an example of a structure that crosses the pelvic inlet of a female to enter the true pelvis?

ovarian artery

The ejaculator ducts empty directly into the

prostatic urethra

All of the following are found in the true pelvis. Which does NOT exit the true pelvis?

uterine artery

Spread of cancer from the ovary through the lymphatics is first found in which lymph nodes?

para-aortic

The pelvic diaphragm is made up of all the following, except the

piriformis

Which of the following supply parasympathetic innervation to the pelvic organs?

pelvic splanchnic

Which statement is true for the penis, but not for the clitoris?

it is an outlet for the urethra

The tip of a probe that punctures the wall of the posterior fornix will then most likely enter which cavity or space?

peritoneal cavity

This paired structure is easily palpated anteriorly during a digital rectal exam in the male.

seminal vesicles

Which of the following is a branch of the sacral plexus?

superior gluteal nerve

What is the function of the dorsal nerves found on the body of the penis/clitoris?

sensory to the body & glans

A cystic ovary is removed and its blood supply ligated. Which structure contains the ovarian vessels?

suspensory ligament of the ovary

The urinary trigone has a total of three openings at its corners. What opening is found at the third/inferior corner?

urethra

As the ureters in the female approach the cervical region of the uterus on their way to the bladder, what vessel passes immediately superior to it?

uterine

The chief venous drainage of blood from the body of the penis is to the

prostatic venous plexus

In females which of the following is considered to be located in the deep perineal space?

external urethral sphincter

Erection of the penis/clitoris is produced through the which nerves or nerve plexus?

pelvic splanchnics

Which of the following muscles forms the largest and most mobile part of the pelvic diaphragm?

levator ani

All of the following muscles can be found within the pelvic cavity, except

iliacus