Chapter 31: Australia and New Zealand Information

Australia is the only continent found entirely in the () hemisphere


Australia is predominately () except for one mountain range known as the ()

flat, Great Dividing Range

examples of Australia's natural resources

diamonds, gold, coal, opals, bauxite

climate in center of Australia

hot, dry

climate surrounding desert center of Australia

semi arid

climate found along the Great Barrier Reef

humid subtropical

climate found along far north coast in Australia

tropical wet and dry

climate found along southeastern rim of Australia


vegetation on north and northeast coast of Australia

tropical rainforest

vegetation on southeast coast of Australia

deciduous forests

vegetation on south coast of Australia

mediterranean shrub

vegetation in central lowlands of Australia

temperate grasslands

vegetation found in interior of Australia

desert and dry shrub

what Australia was originally used for by the British


Australia is a () country


major Australian exports

raw materials (minerals, wool, non-perishable items)

major Australian imports

manufactured goods

challenges of Australia's economy

location, proximity to Asia's manufacturing, transportation

major aspects of Australia's economy

mining, agriculture, tourism, film making

issues and challenges in Australia

land claims by Aborigines, environmental

characteristics of North Island

hilly, volcanic, rivers, fertile farmland, natural harbors

characteristics of South Island

mountains, glaciers, rivers

New Zealand sits on the southern part of the ()

Ring of Fire

natural resources of New Zealand

hydroelectricity, geothermal energy, fish, timber

climate of New Zealand

Marine West Coast

vegetation of New Zealand

coniferous forests

mineral deposits in New Zealand

coal, gold, iron ore, natural gas

Aborigines are () people, but Maoris are () people

land, sea

Aborigines lived (), but Maoris lived along the ()

inland, coast

Aborigines are () skinned, bit Maoris are () skinned

darker, lighter

native group that arrived first


aspects of New Zealand's economy

farming, some manufacturing, tourism

major exports of New Zealand

wool, meat, fish, dairy products

major trading partners of New Zealand

Japan and USA

Australia is located between the () and () Oceans

Indian, Pacific

() covers more than half of Australia

Western Plateau

main trading partners of Australia

Asia, USA

Australia's most important crop


New Zealand is located () miles southeast of Australia


major island of New Zealand

North Island

New Zealand's main resource


where the first European settlers in New Zealand came from

British colony in Australia

New Zealand's primate city


body of water directly north of Queensland and the Northern Territory

Gulf of Carpenteria

meaning of Canberra in Aborigine

meeting place

two cities that fought over which would be the nation's capital

Melbourne and Sydney

bodies of water surrounding Australia

Tasman Sea, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Coral Sea

mountain range of Australia

Great Dividing Range

mountain range of New Zealand

Southern Alps

island of New Zealand that boasts the most active volcanoes

North Island

what aotearoa means in Maori

land of the long white clouds

name of treaty signed by British officials and Maori chiefs in 1840

Treaty of Waitongi

three natural resources of New Zealand

timber, fish, coal

name of Aboriginal creation stories

dream time

what Australians call their unique form of English


biggest challenge for both countries

location, which makes trading hard

ritual of intimidation for Maori


region where the Maori people came from

Pacific Islands

three things kiwi refers to

flightless bird, people, fruit

most detrimental exotic species introduced to Australia


only endemic mammal in New Zealand


difference between Aborigines and Maoris

Maori-sea people, lighter skinned, art focused on plants and water, acclimated better to modern society; Aborigine-land people, darker skinned, art focused on animals

region of Australia that has the highest population density


landform found directly west of Great Dividing Range

Central Lowlands