people to know for ch.4 psych


invented coctail party phenomenon
-presented subjects wearing headphones with two different messages played at the same time
-subjects told to follow and repeat word for word only one of the two messages
-they were able to do so, but couldn't recall any o

Hobson & McCarley

made up activation-synthesis theory
-say dreams are incidental result of neural overactivity
-brain constructs bizarre dreams because it has limited info & operates on short notice


healed people/restored their proper balance of magnetic fluids in the body by waving magnetic wand over the infected area..patient would descend into trance and then wake up feeling better


-developed SHSS (stanford hypnotic susceptibility scale)
-did experiment with two groups (one hyp. & one not), where they put hand in ice water&rate pain-those hypnotized to feel no pain felt less pain than those not hyp.


came up with mere exposure (a form of influence without awareness)


person who stayed awake for 11 days straight

Neisser & Becklen

visual analog of dichotic test-- found subjects could attend to only one stimulus at a time

Bargh & Chartrand

found motivations an emotions are also subject to automatic influence without awareness (scrabble experiment & negative positive word experiment)

Stefania Follini

lady that lived in cave- formed her own circadian pattern


found realignment of circadian rhythm can be speeded up by exposing person to bright levels of light in workplace &8 hrs of total darkness at home during day

Horne and Reyner

found stopping to drink cup of coffe or 15 min nap decreases wreck while night driving


first discovered REM sleep in his lab


deprived rats of sleep- they would go into unusuallly long period of slow-wave deep sleep (compensated for prior loss)

Hall & Van de Castle

cataloged dreams- 64% assoicated with sadness, fear, or anger


says all hypnosis is self hypnosis

orne & evans

convinced hyp. subjects to throw what they thought was nitric acid into someone's face- found subjects are well aware & confident someone wouldnt ask them to harm someone or themselves

Barnier & McConkey

experiment with postcards