Ch 2

psychsocial health

The mental, emotional, social, and, spiritual, dimensions of health

mental health

The thinking part of psychosocial health

emotional health

The feeling part of psychosocial health


Intensified feelings or complex patterns of feelings we constantly experience

social health

Aspect of psychosocial health that includes interactions with others, ability to use social supports, and ability to adapt to various situations

social bonds

Degree and nature of interpersonal contacts

social support

Network of people and service with whom you share ties and support


A negative evaluation of an entire group of people based on unfavorable ideas about the group


A belief in a unifying force that gives meaning to life and transcends the purely physical or personal dimensions of existence


A web of connections, including our relationship to ourselves, to others, and to a larger meaning or purpose in life


Awareness and acceptance of the reality of the present moment


The act of giving of oneself out of genuine concern for others

dysfunctional families

Families in which there is violence


The belief that one is capable of successfully achieving a goal


Sence of self-respect or self-worth

learned heplessness

Pattern of responding to situations by giving up because of repeated failure in the past

learned optimism

Teaching oneself to think optimistically


Difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep

psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)

The science that examines the relationship between the brain and behavior and how this affects the body's immune system

subjective well-being

That uplifting feeling of inner peace and wonder that we call happiness

mental illnesses

Disorders that disrupt thinking, feeling, moods, and behaviors, and that impair daily functioning

chronic mood disorder

Experience of persistent emotional state, such as sadness, despair, and hoplessness

major despressive disorder

Sever depression that entail chronic mood disorder, physical effects such as sleep disturbance and exhaustion, and mental effects such as the inability to concentrate

dysthymic disorder

A less server type of depression that is milder, chronic, harder to recognize, and often characterized by fatigue, pessimism, or a short temper

bopolar disorder

Form of mood disorder characterized by alternating mania and depression

seasonal affective disorder (SAD)

A type of depression that occurs in the winter months, when sunlight levels are low

anxiety disorder

Disorder characterized by persistent feeling of threat and worry in coping with everyday problems

generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

A constant sence of worry that may cause restlessness, difficulty in concentrating, tension, and other symptoms

panic attack

Severeanxiety reaction in which a particualr situation, often for unknown reasons, causes terror


A deep and persistent fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that results in a compelling desire to avoid the source of the fear

social phobia

A phobia charicterized by fear and avoidance of social situations

obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

A form of anxiety disorder charicterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts and repentitive behaviors

post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

A collection of symptoms that may occur as a delayed response to a serious trauma

personality disorder

A class of mental disorder that are characterized by inflexible patterns of thought and beliefs that lead to socially distressing behavior


A mental illness with biological origins that is characterized by irrational behavior, severe alterations of the senses, often an inability to function in society