Endocrine System


a neural structure lying below the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion
Hormones - produces OT, ADH; produces and secr

Pituitary Gland

the endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the influence of the hypothalamus, the pituitary regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands.
Anterior Pituitary Produces and Secretes - TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, GH, PRL, MSH
Posterior Pituitary Sto

Pineal Gland

produces melatonin - regulates circadian cycle

Thyroid Gland

located in front of the neck, functioning to secrete triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and calcitonin

Parathyroid Gland

act to maintain homeostasis of calcium levels in blood
Produces and Secretes PTH


located partially behind the stomach in the abdomen, and it functions as both an endocrine and exocrine gland. It produces digestive enzymes as well as insulin and glucagon


the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum

Adrenal Glands (Suprarenal Glands)

Adrenal Cortex Produces and Secretes - Mineralocorticoids (Aldosterone), Glucocorticoids (Cortisol), and Androgens
Adrenal Medulla Produces and Secretes - Epinephrine & Norepinephrine


produces urine, aids in homeostasis by monitoring electrolytes and balancing acids/bases, regulates blood pressure
produces and secretes calcitriol and renin


male gonads - produce and secrete testosterone


female gonads - produce and secrete estrogen and progesterone