Speech

Communication

The process by which we exchange or share meaning through a common set of symbols

Interpersonal

communication between two people

Sender

Receiver

message

consists of the ideas and the feelings that make up the content of the communication
* those are ideas and feelings that people send or receive when they communicate.

feedback

a return message

channels

all messages are transmitted

informal settings

communication which are casual, unstructured situation.

formal settings

are situation that you prepare for ahead of time.

denotation

of a word is its dictionary meaning

connotation

of a word is its hidden meaning

sublanguage

it is a subsystem of an established language

jargon

it is the specialized vocabulary that is understood by people in a particular group or field

slang

consist of recently coined words or old words used in new ways.

dialect

it is a regional or cultural variety of language( different pronunciation, grammar, or word choice)

body language

facial expression
eye contact
gestures
posture
movement

paralanguage

it is a type of nonverbal communication that involves using voice variation and extraneous words and sounds to communicate.
in nonverbal communication, _____ is the pitch, rate, tone, volume, and speaking pattern (i.e., use of silences, pauses, or hesitat

environment

The sum of your surroundings
includes all features of the immediate surroundings.

intimate space

8 in between people(family and friends )

personal space

8 in- 4 ft between people

social space

consists of a distance from 4 ft - 12 ft ( interviews )

cues

anything besides the message argument
*notas

generalize

in language learning, to apply a rule of language to all cases

perception check

the verbal response stating one person's understanding of someone else's nonverbal behavior.

masking

expressing one emotion while feeling another

articulation

The shaping of district speech sounds into recognized words

breathiness

A quality of voice that result from too much unvoiced air escaping through the vocal folds as a person is speaking

cavity

A partially enclosed are

circumflex

An up-and-down inflection

diaphragm

A dome-shaped muscle at the base of the lungs

fricatives

The consonant sound that make a friction like noise

glides

The sounds that result from the gliding movements of the articulators

harshness

A quality of voice characterized by an unpleasant, grating sound that may also be hard or metalic

hoarseness

A quality of voice characterized by a thickness o f sound or by a muffled or rasping sounds.

inflection

The upward or downward glide of pitch as a person speaks

key

The average pitch at which a person speaks

larynx

The voice box

melody

The variations in pitch that help to give expression to a person's voice

monotone

A melody pattern that consists of only one tone

nasal cavity

The nose

nasality

A quality of voice characterized by too much nasal resonance of all vocal sounds

nasals

Sounds resonated in the cavity

optimum pitch

The pitch at which a person speaks with the least strain and with the best resonance

oral cavity

The mouth

pharyngeal cavity

The throat

pitch

The highness or lowness of a sound

plosives

The consonant sounds that form a small explosion when spoken

pronunciation

The combining of precisely articulated speech sounds into district words

quality

The tone of a person's voice

range

The spread between the lowest and the highest notes that a person can speak comfortably

rate

The speed at which a person talks

resonance

The reinforcement of sound produced by vibration

resonators

The bones of the chest, neck, and mouth, which reinforce sound

step

An abrupt change in pitch

trachea

The windpipe

vocal folds

The muscles of the larynx: also called vocal cords

voiced

Describe sounds made by vibration of the vocal folds

voiceless

Describe sounds made when the vocal folds are open so that air breathed out does not vibrate them

volume

The intensity of sound.