Plants Final

Plants

Producers, have waxy cuticle, made of plant cells, multicellular, reproduce with seeds/spores

Producer

Makes their own food (autotroph)

Waxy Cuticle

A waxy covering on the outside of a plant which holds moisture in and protects; like our skin

Plant Cells

Have chloroplasts, which make chlorophyll, have cell walls, and a large vacuole

Chloroplasts

Where photosynthesis happens

Multicellular

Made up of multiple cells

Spores

A seedless plant's method of reproduction

Sporophyte

Where spores are produced in seedless plants

Photosynthesis

How plants make their food. co2 + h2o = o2 + glucose

Cellular Respiration

How glucose is turned to energy

Vascular

Have plumbing, can be any size, and can live almost anywhere

Phloem

Transports food and goes 2 directions

Xylem

Transports water and minerals and goes 1 direction

Cambium

In-between tissue of phloem and xylem

Non-Vascular

Have no plumbing, are smaller, rely on osmosis, reproduce with spores, live in damp, shady environments, have rhizoids. Are pioneers

Bryophytes

Scientific name for non-vascular plants

Rhizoids

Little, hair-like roots of non-vascular plants

Angiosperms

Vascular seed-bearing plants with covered seeds, fruit and flowers EX: apple tree, tulip, grass

Gymnosperms

Naked Seed," contains cones or fleshy structures to protect seeds EX: pine tree, cedar, gingko

Monocot

A kind of angiosperm characterized by having 1 cotyledon, petals in 3's, parallel veins, and fibrous roots

Dicot

A kind of angiosperm characterized by having 2 cotyledons, petals in 4's or 5's, branched veins, and a tap root

Cotyledon

embryonic leaf inside of a seed

Deciduous

Trees that lose their leaves and chance with season

Evergreen

Trees that do not lose leaves and stay green year round; conifers

Anther

Produces and stores pollen

Filament

Supports the anther

Stamen

The male part of a flower, consisting of the anther and filament

Stigma

The tip of the female part of the flower, where pollinators pur pollem

Style

The stalk that supports the stigma, and connects it to the ovary

Ovary

A flower structure that encloses and protects ovules and seeds as they develop.

Pistil

The female part of a flower, consisting of the stigma, style, and ovary

Ovule

A structure that contains an egg cell within the ovary of a flower

Petal

A modified leaf of a flowering plant; petals are the often colorful parts of a flower that advertise it to insects and other pollinators.

Sepal

The protective leaves of a flower