Chapter 10 Social Studies Main Ideas

Describe the economic differences between the North and the South in the 1850s. 304-309

The North industrialized rapidly as factories turned out ever-increasing amounts of products such as textiles and sewing machines to farm equipment and guns. The North also had railroads which made this industrial boom capable of being handled because the

What were the major terms of the Compromise of 1850?

The Compromise of 1850 appealed to both Northerners and Southerners. To satisfy the North, it provided that California be admitted to the Union as a free state. To satisfy the South, it proposed a new and more effective fugitive slave law. There were also

Discuss the impacts Harriet Tubman and Harriet Beecher Stowe had on antislavery attitudes in the North. 310-317

Harriet Tubman was a conductor on the Underground Railroad and made 19 trips back to the South, despite her being at risk on re-enslavement. She is said to have helped 300 slaves to freedom in the North. Harriet Beecher Stowe was the white author of "Uncl

What were the basic provisions and results of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

The Kansas-Nebraska Act proposed that the United States be split into two territories- Nebraska in the north and Kansas in the south. It would repeal the Missouri Compromise and give both territories popular sovereignty. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed

Why did the Republican Party grow as the Whig and Know-Nothing parties decline in the 1850s? 318-321

The newly introduced Republican Party began to grow in popularity because they had solid beliefs that all members of the party agreed on, unlike the members of the Whig and Know-Nothing Parties, whose members split into Northern and Southern sides.

Summarize the results of the election of 1856.

The Republicans chose John C. Fremont as their candidate in 1856. The Know-Nothing Party split their allegiance with Northerners endorsing Fremont and Southerners selecting former U.S. president Millard Fillmore. The Democrats nominated James Buchanan. Bu

Compare and contrast Abraham Lincoln's and Stephen A. Douglas's views about slavery in the territories. 324-331

Abraham Lincoln believed that slavery was immoral- a labor system based on greed. Lincoln doubted that slavery would cease to spread without legislature outlawing it in the territories. Douglas did not think that slavery was immoral, but he did view it as

Why was the South so upset by Lincoln's election?

Lincoln's victory convinced the South that they had lost their voice in the national government. They feared that Northern Republicans would submit the South to what Edmund Ruffin called "the most complete subjection and political bondage". Many white Sou