German uses the nominative case if the noun is the subject in a sentence - a person or thing doing the action. Der Mann h�rt Musik. The man is listening to music.
(Der Mann)


German normally uses the accusative case when the noun is the direct object, i.e. the 'receiver' of the action in the sentence. Der Mann kauft den Computer. The man buys the computer. (den Computer)


The dative case it is mainly used for the indirect object, i.e., a person or thing to whom or to which something is done: Der Lehrer gibt der Frau ein Buch. The teacher gives the woman a book. (der Frau)

dative case

The genitive case is used to indicate possession or ownership: Das ist die Tasche meines Vaters. 'That is my father's bag.' (meines Vaters)

genitive case

accusative prepositions, use the acronym "O Fudge" [ohne, f�r, um, durch, gegen], (without , for , to , by , against)

Accusative prepositions

Roses are red, violets are blue, aus-au�er-bei-mit, nach-seit, von-zu.

dative prepositions