# Contacts 1

Identify the acronym "I'M SAFE" in determining if you are ready and fit to fly.

I = Illness
M = Medication
S= Stress
A = Alcohol
F = Fatigue
E = Eating/Emotion

Identify four factors that contribute to the aircraft's yawing tendencies.

1) P - Factor
2) Torque Effect
3) Spiralling Slipstream
4) Gyroscopic Precession

Identify the aircraft's reactions from a clockwise turning propeller (as viewed for the pilots' seat) due to gyroscopic effect.

90� clockwise force of attempted tilt input.

Identify characteristic of secondary flight controls - Trim Devices.

Used for trimming and balancing the aircraft in flight and to reduce the force required to actuate the primary control surfaces

Identify the trim requirements for rudder and elevator power during power and/or airspeed changes.

Acceleration = Left/Down
Deceleration = Right/Up
Power Addition = Right/Down
Power Reduction = Left/Up

Identify the formula used in developing solid basic flying skills.

Power + Attitude = Performance

Identify four components of airplane control with regard to attitude flying.

1) Pitch control (lateral axis/elevators)
2) Bank control (longitudinal axis/ailerons)
3) Yaw control (vertical axis/rudder)
4) Power control (power or thrust by PCL)

Identify the characteristics of a scan pattern.

-Look outside the aircraft to see where you are going
-Look at the aircraft with respect to the horizon to check and maintain a desired attitude
-Look inside the aircraft to check for proper power settings, flight instrument readings, and any signs of mal

Identify the intent and use of one-third rule.

Since the airplane will continue turning as long as there is bank, the rollout must begin prior to reaching desired heading. The amount required to lead the heading is 1/3 the number of the angle of bank.

Identify the characteristics of a skid.

Occurs when the aircraft slides sideways AWAY from the center of a turn. It is caused by TOO MUCH rudder pressure in relation to the angle of bank used.

Identify the characteristics of a slip.

Occurs when the aircraft slides TOWARDS the center of the turn. It is caused by insufficient amount of rudder in relation to the amount of aileron and the angle of bank used.

Identify wind effects and crab corrections to maintain desired ground track.

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Identify the P.A.T. principal.

Transitions performed in specific sequence:
-Power (set/reset power)
-Attitude (adjust nose attitude)
-Trim (trim for new attitude)

Identify procedures for assuming control of the aircraft.

Three way positive exchange:
-"I have the controls"
-"You have the controls" (releases controls)
-"I have the controls

Identify characteristics of checklist discipline.

Ensure the standardization of all operating procedures pertaining to the aircraft and provide a logical, safe, and precise sequence to follow. Checklists will be conducted in the challenge-action-response format.

Define Joker fuel as it relates to fuel considerations.

Set at pre-planned transition points in the sortie.

Define Bingo fuel as it relates to fuel considerations.

Fuel at which recovery should be initiated to arrive at the intended destination with required fuel.

Identify characteristics related to ejection seat safety.

-"Respect the seat"
-Always ensure seat safety pins are inserted when opening canopy and prior to cockpit entry
-Do not all any equipment, to interfere with ejection seat handle

Identify characteristics for strapping into the ejection seat.

Work feet up, exception being hook up G-suit first

Identify items related to engine starting procedures.

-Canopy closed and latched, check canopy lock indicator (green)
-Complete Engine Start Checklist
-Monitor engine start sequence; PMU should terminate startup if it detects hot start, but pilot should be prepared to about manually
-During Before Taxi Check

Identify characteristics with taxing the aircraft.

-Have airport diagram accessible and know where you're going before taxiing
-Taxi with nose over single yellow line
-Use NWS by pressing red button on stick
-Keep ailerons deflected into wind
-Walking speed in line area and trot speed outside of line area

Identify when the after landing checklist is performed.

Perform once clear of active runway

Identify various ALDIS lamp signals.

-Steady Green = Cleared to takeoff (ground)/Cleared to land (air)
-Flashing Green = Cleared to taxi (ground)/Return for landing (air)
-Steady Red = Stop (ground)/Give way to other aircraft and continue circling (air)
-Flashing Red = Taxi clear of runway (

Identify landing pattern visual wing references.

-Wingtip distance = wingtip bisecting the intended point.
-3/4 wingtip distance = where orange meets the white on the wing leading edge
-2/3 wingtip distance = fuel cap
-1/4 wingtip distance = where canopy rail visually bisects wing

Define landing pattern terminology with regard to the abeam position.

Position in the racetrack pattern opposite the intended point of anding at pattern altitude

Identify characteristics of the Touchdown Zone.

Area from the intended point of landing extending to 500 feet beyond that point

Identify proper conditions that meet Pattern Interval.

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Identify characteristics of departure interval.

You are number 1 for departure when past the departure end of the runway, flaps up, and aircraft upwind has either initiated the crosswind turn or raised landing gear to depart

Identify Outflying Field Entry (OLF) procedures.

1) Determine the duty runway
2) Fly to establish the aircraft at appropriate initial point. At this point aircraft shall be:
-on extended runway centerline & on runway heading
-wings level
-at break altitude
-airspeed in accordance with local SOP
3) When

Identify characteristics for the break.

Break is a procedure to transition aircraft from normal cruise config to landing config & position aircraft on downwind leg

Identify items observed within the landing pattern.

-30� AoB desired with 45� AoB as maximum. If turn greater than 45� AoB is required; wave-off
-120 KIAS with gear down & flaps up during upwind & downwind. Config & complete the Before Landing Checklist once established on downwind. Trim.
-Crosswind should

Identify generalities of the approach turn.

Make descending 180� balanced turn to final in No-flap, TO-flap, or LDG-flap configuration

Identify when to configure flaps and execute Before Landing Checklist.

On Downwind Leg

Recall pattern parameters for the downwind based on flap setting.

Add power as required to maintain 120 KIAS:
-No flap = 31% Torque
-TO flap = 42% Torque
-LDG flap = 52% Torque

Identify characteristics of the TRANSITION area

No sooner than when abeam intended point of landing, but early enough to arrive at 180 position with proper approach speed and aircraft in a trimmed condition

Recall pattern parameters for the 90� position

-Fixed position at midpoint of approach turn at which aircraft's heading is 90� from runway heading
-Aircraft should pass through this position at 120/115/110 KIAS (NF/TF/LF) & 450 feet AGL or 1/2 pattern altitude in feet AGL

Identify characteristics related to intercepting the final "groove".

-Final portion of landing approach
-Beginning at point 1200-1500 feet from runway threshold at altitude of 100-150 AGL
-Aircraft is first aligned, wings level, and ends with landing transition
-Length of runway straightaway should provide 8-10 seconds

Identify the three phases of landing.

1) LDG Transition
2) Flare & Touchdown
3) LDG Roll

Identify procedures for a full stop landing.

-Smoothly move PCL to Idle; smoothly lower nose gear to runway once airspeed is below 80 kts
-With nose gear on runway, verbalize "airspeed below 80 kts", smoothly apply brakes and increase back-stick pressure
-Increase back-stick and brake pressure as ai

Identify procedures for touch-and-go landings.

-PCL full forward without delay, apply right rudder, & raise nose to TO attitude with minimum 85 KIAS
-Execute normal TO. Once a positive rate of climb is confirmed raise flaps from LDG to TO (if applicable), & once airspeed is 110 KIAS retract flaps. Tri

Identify considerations for flap settings when faced with crosswinds.

TO Flaps ~ winds > 10 kts or gusts
No Flaps ~ winds > 20 kts & landing distance is not a factor

Identify characteristics related to overshooting crosswinds.

-Will cause aircraft to fly track outside normal final ground track
-Ground speed in final turn will be higher than normal
-Requires slightly lower power and slightly more AoB to correct for higher required rate of descent

Identify characteristics related to undershooting crosswinds.

-Will cause aircraft to fly track inside normal final ground track
-Ground speed in final turn will be lower than normal
-Requires slightly higher than normal power and slightly less AoB to compensate for lower required rate of descent

Determine final approach speed during windy conditions for a given flap setting.

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Identify applications used for the wing-low method during crosswind landings.

Compensate for crosswinds & land smoothly at intended point of landing on runway centerline

Identify general controllability issues related to crosswind landings.

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Identify characteristics of a Waveoff (Go-around).

-Advance PCL; max power may not always be required
-Simultaneously level wings & center ball
-Raise nose to climbing attitude & climb @ 120 KIAS. Re-trim
-When safely airborne or at 110 KIAS & positive rate of climb, raise flaps & accelerate to 120 KIAS.

Recall situations/conditions when a Waveoff (Go-around) is mandatory.

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Recognize casual factors of various landing errors.

-High Flare: Flare begun or performed too early or with excessive pitch up
-Late/Rapid Flare: Higher than expected descent rate or misjudged altitude
-Porpoising: Incorrect (flat) landing attitude and airspeed. At touchdown, the nose gear contacts the run

Identify Outlying Field (OLF) Departure requirements.

-Ensure you have number 1 upwind
-Aircraft shall be safely airborne and past the departure end of the runway & 120 KIAS minimum
-Check airspeed below 150 KIAS
-Raise landing gear handle & ensure flaps are up. Report over ICS "Gear up, flaps up at ___ kts