Chapter 12 Solution-Focused Therapy

INTRODUCTION

The solution-focused model descented for the MRI approached, which its emphasis on brevity of treatment (encourage by pressure form insurance companies) minimal interventions optimistic view of people, and formulaic technique have combined to make it one

INTRODUCTION

I nstead of joinging in search to understand and resolve problems, solution-focused therapists help clients shift ther problems for ther problems to the things in their lives that are going well. This shift failures to successes is thought to help people

customer

De Shaze's term for a client who not only complains about a problem ("complainant') but is motivated to reslove it.

exception

Dr Shazer's term for times when a client is temporarily free form his or her problem. Solution-focused therapists focus on exceptions to help clients build on successful problems-solving skills.

miracle question

asking client to imagine how things would be if they woke up tomorrow and their problem were solve. Used to help clients identify goals and potentials solutions

reframing

technique of relabeling a family's descriptions of behavior to make it more amenable to therapeutic chang; for example describing someone" lazy" rather than "depressed

Therapeutic Techniques

six techniques are central to solution focused therapy ; each function to make problems appear less oppressive and more controllable

1.Exception question

these question circumvent clients' goals and unremitting perception of their problems and direct their attention to times in the past or present when they didn't have the problems, when ordinarily they would have.The therapist then explores with a client

Coping questions

when a therapists asks despariring clients "why keeps you going under such difficult circumstances?" or "what have you done to keep things form getting wors?" the client may begin to recognize that they are more resilient, simply for enduring that the rea

3. Miracle question

this question" Supposed one night, while you were aslee, there was a miracle and this problems was solve. How would you know? What would be different?" is used to activate a problem-solving mindset by giving clients a clear vision of their goal in tratmen

Scaling question

These questions "On a scale of zero to ten with zero being how depressed you felt when you called me, and ten being how you feel the day after the miracl, how od you feel right now?" are used to identify concrete behaviors changes and goals and nurture sm

Compliments

Solution focused therpists make liberal use of compliments to reinforce effective actions and to foster self-confidence. are used to highlight successful strategies and keep clients focused on what work

end of session feedback

end of sessions and then return to offer feedbac, consisting of a summary of the sessions and suggestions for building on psolution focused therapists routinely take a break at the session

Leading Figures

1)Steve de Shazer (2) Insoo Berg (3) Yvonne Dolan (4) Eve Lipcho (5) John Walter (6) Jane Peller (7) Bill O'Hanlon(8) and Michele Weiner-Davis

most recently

threapitis are questioning the modes's emphasis on technique and sepeculate the qualities of therapists-client relationship may be at the heart of the model's effectiveness. Some research has demonstrated that what makes solution-focused therapy unique --

role play

focuses not on what is wrong

Basic model; Solution- Focused

solution focused approcahed draws many of its assumptions and techiquses form the MRI model.De Shazer say little about how problem arise. the threapists need only to understand the nature of solutions that can apply across people, not nature of problems t

Basic Model; Solution Focused

The solution-focused approached diverges form the MRI model in several important way. First, solution -focused therapists avoid focusing on problems and get clients to focus exclusively on solution taht have or might wor. Second, solution -focused therapi

normal family development

like the constructivists who believe in the notion of no true reality, solution focused therepitis believe taht therapists should not impose what they think is normal on clients. They disagree with the structuralists claim that symptoms are a sign of some