test part 2

What did the Nazi-Soviet Pact accomplish for Germany?

It gave Germany a free hand in Poland.

What was one reason why the Spanish Civil War was called a "dress rehearsal" for World War II?

The Nazis used the war to test their new weapons.

Hitler decided to invade the Soviet Union because

he wanted the Soviet Union's vast natural resources.

In which French city did German forces set up a "puppet state" capital after conquering France?

Vichy

How did Churchill and Roosevelt give in to Stalin at the conference in Tehran in 1943?

They let the borders in the Nazi-Soviet Pact stand.

What was important about the Battle of the Bulge?

It delayed the Allied advance from the west.

The German air force was almost grounded by the time of the D-Day invasion because

the Germans had little fuel due to Allied bombing.

The U.S. strategy of "island-hopping" in the Pacific

allowed the U.S. to gradually move north toward Japan

What was one of Stalin's major goals in Eastern Europe after World War II?

to create a protective buffer zone of friendly governments

The Truman Doctrine was rooted in the idea of

containment

The League of Nations voted sanctions against which country for invading Ethiopia in 1935?

Italy

Through what action did Hitler violate the Versailles treaty in 1936?

He sent troops into the Rhineland.

What did the British and French do at the Munich Conference in 1938 to avoid war?

They persuaded the Czechs to surrender the Sudetenland.

What was usually the first stage of Hitler's blitzkrieg strategy?

The Luftwaffe attacked ground targets from the air.

How did the Germans change their tactics in preparing for Operation Sea Lion?

They planned to launch their invasion of Britain from Denmark.

What U.S. action influenced the Japanese decision to attack the United States in 1941?

The U.S. banned the sale of iron, steel, and oil to Japan.

During World War II, "Rosie the Riveter" came to symbolize

the women who worked in U.S. manufacturing plants.

In 1942, what priority did Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin set in the war?

to achieve victory in Europe before trying to achieve it in Asia

What stopped the German advance during the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941?

the terrible winter of 1941-42

What was the Manhattan Project?

a code name for atomic bomb research

Who were the kamikaze?

Japanese pilots who crashed into Allied warships

What action did the Western Allies take after World War II that caused the Soviets to strengthen their hold on East Germany?

They helped western Germany rebuild its economy.

What was the importance of the Battle of El Alamein in 1942?

The British stopped the German advance in North Africa.

What did the Soviet Union do during Germany's invasion of Poland in 1939?

It attacked Poland from the east as part of the Nazi-Soviet Pact.

What happened at Dunkirk in the spring of 1940?

British forces successfully retreated across the English Channel.