CH 28-30

What policy has China adopted to limit population growth?

Families may only have one child

Like Beijing, Mongolia's capital, Ulaanbaatar, is among the cities with the most ________ in the world

Worst air pollution

In China, monsoons

Blowing westward bring warm, moist air in the winter

The southern part of the Korean peninsula has a _______ climate, with temperatures moderated by the surrounding seas

Humid subtropical

Northeastern China has abundant deposits of _______, which is a source of cheap but highly polluting fuel

Coal

Which best summarizes the changes that took place in Japan during the Meiji Restoration

Japanese society underwent a period of rapid modernization

An addition to a wealth of iron ore and coal, North Korea has the world's largest _____ deposits

Magnesite

Japan is looking to supply its energy needs in a sustainable way. As a result,

Japan is exploring many sources of alternative energy

The March 2011 earthquake and tsunami led to a meltdown at the Fukushima nuclear power plants. What happened as a DIRECT RESULT of the meltdown?

Much radioactive material was released into the atmosphere

Instead of properly disposing of waste materials, South Korean sanitation companies pumped untreated sewage directly into the

Pacific Ocean

Why does so much of Japan's population live in the Tokaido corridor?

It is an urbanized lowland, not a mountainous area

An example of South Korea's desire to increase its energy efficiency is the government's plan to change the type of ____in every public building

Lightbulbs

The T'aebaek Mountains begin in North Korea and stretch along the ______ following the east coast into South Korea

Sea of Japan

After resisting Mongol invaders, Korea became known as the "Hermit Kingdom" because of its

Isolation

Since the 1960s, South Korea has transformed itself from one of the world's poorest states to a highly ______ society

Industrialized

Lake Biwa, Japan's largest lake, formed when tectonic activity created a

A depression along a fault line

While North Korea and South Korea have different medical care policies, both countries value

Education

What lead to the end of Japanese isolation in the mid-1800s?

Commodore Perry of the United States arranged to open Japan's ports to U.S. ships

Why is acid rain still a serious problem in Japan, despite tighter regulations on air quality?

Air pollution from China is carried in the atmosphere over to Japan

Most of China's population lives

In the plains and valleys along its three major rivers

Which of the following helps protect Japan's resources?

Aquaculture

Most of North Korea's rural population lives in the

Coastal lowlands and river valleys

What is the role of industry in Japan's economy?

Japan's economy is primarily focused on industrial manufacturing and manufactured goods

Because much of Japan's landscape is mountainous, the majority of Japan's people live

On terraces carved into mountain sides

In 1989 student _______ , or citizens who speak out against government policies, held protests in Beijing's Tiananmen Square demanding democratic reforms

Dissidents

Tok Islands

A group of rocky islets claimed by South Korea and Japan

Coniferous

Type of tree that grows in the northern highlands of the Korean peninsula

Cooperative

An organization, often a farm, whose members work together and share expenses and profits

Armistice

A cease-fire

Seoul

South Korea's capital and largest city

Confucianism

A key aspect of family life in South Korea in which ancestral worship is central

P'yongyang

The largest city and capital of North Korea

Reforestation

A plan to increase forest coverage

By-catch

The other marine life caught along with the intended harvest

Drift nets

Sometimes called "Wall of Death

Atheist

A person who believes there is no God

Altay Shan

A mountain range that lies along part of the border between China and Mongolia

Merchant Marine

A country's fleet that engages in trade

Gobi

A large desert in North-Central China and Southern Mongolia

Loess

A fine, yellowish-brown topsoil made up of particles of silt and clay, carried by the wind

Three Gorges Dam

An infrastructure project that involved the relocation of over a million people

Aborigine

An area's original inhabitant

Economic Sanctions

Trade restrictions

Himalaya

A mountain range that separates China from south Asia

Typhoon

A violent tropical storm that forms in the western Pacific Ocean, usually, in the late summer