Binary Form

Binary form is a musical form in two related sections, both of which are usually repeated. Binary is also a structure used to choreograph dance. In music this is usually performed as A-A-B-B*Binary form was popular during the Baroque period

Ternary Form

Ternary form, sometimes called song form,[1] is a three-part musical form where the first section (A) is repeated after the second section (B) ends. It is usually schematised as A-B-A.

Sonata Form

The form most often used for the 1st movement of large works like symphonies and concertos. It is a large 3-part form, usually with an Introduction, Exposition (A), Development (B), and Recapitulation (A), with a coda to end.

Ritornello Form

Ritornello means "little return". A structure employed in the first and third movements of the Baroque concerto. The opening passage (ritornello) played in the full orchestra is restated throughout the movement, alternating with one or more soloists playing the new material.

Minuet Form

A classical minuet movement typically contains a main minuet, followed by a trio, followed by "menuet da capo"; repeat of the main minuet (usually performed without taking the repeats). The movement, then, has a large-scale ABA' form: minuet-trio-minuet da capo.

Rondo Form

In rondo form, a principal theme (sometimes called the "refrain") alternates with one or more contrasting themes, generally called "episodes," but also occasionally referred to as "digressions" or "couplets." Possible patterns in the Classical period include: ABA, ABACA, or ABACABA. These are sometimes designated "first rondo", "second rondo", and "third rondo", respectively.

Theme and Variations

A musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, the harmony, the rhythm, or some other feature of the music.

Stropic Form

Strophic form (also called "verse-repeating" or chorus form) is the term applied to songs in which all verses or stanzas of the text are sung to the same music.A A' A''

Through-Composed Form

In music theory about musical form, the term through-composed means that the music is relatively continuous, non-sectional, and/or non-repetitive. A song is through-composed if it has different music for each stanza of the lyrics. This is in contrast to strophic form, in which each stanza is set to the same music.

Da Capo Aria

The da capo aria is a musical form that was prevalent in the Baroque era. It is sung by a soloist with the accompaniment of instruments, often a small orchestra. A da capo aria is in ternary form (ABA), meaning it is composed of three sections:- The first section is a complete musical entity, ending in the tonic key, and could in principle be sung alone. - The second section contrasts with the first in its musical key, texture, mood, and sometimes also tempo. - The third section was usually not written out by the composer, who rather simply specified the direction "da capo" (Italian for "from the head") - meaning from the beginning, which meant that the first section should be repeated in full.The text for a da capo aria was typically a poem or other verse sequence written in two strophes, the first for the A section (hence repeated later) and the second for B. Each strophe consisted of from three to six lines, and terminated in a line containing a masculine ending

Fugue Form


Cyclic Form

Cyclic form is a technique of musical construction, involving multiple sections or movements, in which a theme, melody, or thematic material occurs in more than one movement as a unifying device.Sometimes a theme may occur at the beginning and end, other times a theme occurs in a different guise in every part....? ***A bit confused here

Moment form


Block form