Asexual Plant Reproduction

asexual reproduction

producing plants from its own parts

identical

plants created by asexual reproduction are....

clones

genetic duplicates of the parent

asexual advantages

best traits are kept pure, creates larger amounts, reduce disease spread

methods of asexual reproduction

cutting, grafting, layering, division, tissue culture

propogation

another term for reproduction

taking cuttings is the most

simple method

vegetative

used for cuttings

parts used for cuttings

leaves, stems, and roots

rooting hormones

used to treat cutting before being planted

grafting

used mostly in orchards/nurseries

stems are made to grow on the...

roots of another plant in grafting

sycion

part of the graft that becomes the stem

root stalk

lower portion that includes the root

union

where the 2 grafts meet

in layering, roots form on a stem that is

attached to the parent

woody

most successful for layering

media

used to cover the stem or tip until roots form

3 methods of layering

simple, tip, air

advantage of layering

parent provides water and nutrients until new roots form

plant tissues are grown in artificial media under...

sterile conditions

ex plants

small pieces of plant tissue taken form the parent

hormones

used for plant growth

callous

group of cells that may form from plant cells

plantlets

small plants that develop and grow roots