final exam study guide

1. The total agriculture program is designed to educate students through the use of classroom instruction, supervised agriculture experiences, and the FFA. Which of the following best describes the purpose of the supervised agriculture experience?

c. An opportunity for real skills developed outside of regular classroom time

2. FFA is intracurricular organization tied to the total agriculture education program. While agriculture students are not necessarily required to join in all cases, what potential skills would a student miss by choosing not to join the FFA?

Leadership skills

3. Danny is a local agriscience student and FFA member. His supervised agriculture experience project is raising and selling ornamental ferns to a local plant nursery. Danny's future goals include expanding his project into a full business and introducing

iv. Danny has a personally developed project with plans for expansion

b. If Danny is unfamiliar with other ornamental plants, what resources might best be used in order to expand this portion of his SAE?

i. His Agriscience teacher

c. Why is expansion, in Danny's case, such an important part of his SAE?

ii. It brings more real world business experience

1. What historical events were most likely the reason for the merger of the FFA and NFA in 1965 and opened membership to female students in 1969?

a. Civil and Women's Rights Movements

2. The FFA uses a variety of symbols to represent the goals and purposes of the FFA. The FFA emblem in particular holds six symbols to help represent the core values that all FFA members should strive to follow. What symbols from the FFA emblem would most

d. Corn and Plow

3. The FFA Motto, Learning to Do, Doing to Learn, Earning to Live, Living to Serve, integrates important methods of being successful in the FFA

ii. Performing the FFA Creed for your class

b. Which of the following FFA events best relates to the phrase Living to Serve

iv. Helping clean up a local park for Arbor Day

c. Which of the following FFA events best relates to the phrase Learning to Do?

i. Reading instructions from a manual

The provided flowchart describes the main components of the FFA's structure and its related affiliates. Based on the direction that the chart feeds, what is the most important component of the FFA structure?

a. Members

1. Animals generally suffer a variety of symptoms due to the introduction of a parasite. Which of the following relationships is parasitic in nature?

c. Cow bird lays its egg in the nest of another bird to hatch

2. Several diseases can sit dormant in an animal after they have been exposed to a contagion. This dormancy can last a few days to several years depending on the disease. Which of the following terms best describes this period of time before symptoms beco

d. Incubation

3. Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE or Mad Cow Disease) is a disease caused by a modified prion that affects the brain cells of cattle or humans. Because this disease has no treatment or cure, measures must be taken at the production level to prevent

b. Isolation for new animals

4. Baby Pig Anemia is caused from iron deficiencies in young swine. This problem is common for swine producers and must always be taken into consideration when farrowing a new litter of pigs on concrete. What method would present the easiest and most effe

c. Inject iron supplement into piglets

Holstein cows nearly double the production of some other breeds of commonly used dairy cattle. What might be the most logical explanation for production differences between the Holstein and Guernsey breeds?

d. Size of the breed

The following diagram outlines the basic parts of a swine animal. What marketable advantages does the body of a pig have?

c. The length of the back provides more meat

7. Brady wants to start a small cattle operation to help support local groceries with locally grown beef. Brady begins buying breeding stock of Angus for its quality. Brady also wants to begin crossing his Angus with Brahman, a breed native to India. Base

b. Brady wants to use a quality, heat tolerant breed

1. Canning is probably one of the most widespread forms of food preservation today because it allows food to be preserved in peak condition locking in nutrients. Which of the following most likely assists preserving nutrients by canning?

d. Place canning factory near the site of production

2. Refrigeration chills foods to slow the growth of food-spoiling microorganisms. What might be a limiting factor for a person to use refrigeration to preserve their food?

b. Access to electrical power

3. Irradiation is a relatively new form of preservation that kills bacteria without heating. What might consumers be concerned about when eating foods preserved by this new technology?

a. Using radiation might run a risk of contaminating food

4. The microwave oven has increased the efficiency of heating dry and moist food products through the use of electromagnetic waves. Which of the following best describes one reason why a microwave is up to 10 times more efficient than a convection oven?

b. A microwave oven concentrates energy in a smaller area

5. Pasteurization has been a food preservation technique for hundreds of years. The modern process rapidly heats a product to kill harmful pathogens and then cools the product for storage. Which of the following products is most likely to be pasteurized b

apple juice

6. Dehydrators reduce the moisture content of foods through evaporation or freeze drying. Which of the following methods of dehydration was most likely used before the invention of electricity

d. Lay out in the sun