Chapter 14 Section 1 Reconstruction Plans

the Reconstruction

a period of rebuilding the South after the Civil War

the Ten Percent Plan

President Lincoln's plan to reconstruct the South that was announced in December 1863; 10% of voters from each former Confederacy state took an oath of loyalty to the Union, then the state could form a government and adopt a new constitution that banned s

Abraham Lincoln

the president that freed many enslaved African Americans and saved the Union; he wanted to encourage pro-Union Southerners to run state governments and believed that punishing the South would prevent the Reconstruction; refused to sign the Wade-Davis Bill

amnesty

immunity from prosecution; offered by Lincoln to all white Southerners, except Confederate leaders, who gave loyalty to the Union

Louisiana, Arkansas, and Texas

the three states who set up governments under Lincoln's plan

Radical Republicans

believed that Lincoln's plan was too mild and favored a more radical approach

Thaddeus Stevens

leader of the Radical Republicans who declared the foundations of the South that "must be broken up and relaid, or all our blood and treasure have been spent in vain

Congress

controlled by the Radical Republicans, and voted to deny seats to representatives from any state constructed under Lincoln's plan; passed the Wade-Davis Bill in July 1864

the Wade-Davis Bill

passed by Congress in July 1864; stated that 1) most white males in a former Confederate state had to swear loyalty to the Union, 2) only white males who swore they had not fought the Union could vote for delegates to a constitutional convention, 3) forme

Freedmen's Bureau

set up the new government agency by Congress and Lincoln in March 1865; it helped African Americans adjust to freedom by distributing food and clothing, providing medical services that lowered the death rate, set up schools staffed by Northern teachers, a

freedmen

former enslaved persons

Charlotte Forten

an African American Northern teacher

Atlanta University, Howard University, and Fisk University

new "higher learning" African American schools that were given aid from the Freedmen's Bureau

the assassination of Lincoln

Lincoln killed by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater, Washington D.C. on April 14, 1865

John Wilkes Booth

assassinator of Lincoln; was part of a small group that plotted to kill several government officials

Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address

read at Lincoln's cemetery, which reminded Americans of his plan "to do all which may achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations

Andrew Johnson

president after Lincoln died; born in Tennessee, but when it seceded, rejected the act and remained in his Senate seat; announced the "Restoration" in May 1865

Restoration

Andrew Johnson's plan, which stated that 1) most Southerners would be granted amnesty once they swore loyalty to the Union, 2) high-ranking or wealthy Confederates could be pardoned by appealing to the president, 3) only loyal, pardoned whites were allowe

the 13th Amendment

before a state enters the Union, 1) the state had to denounce secession and end slavery, and 2) the state also had to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution; abolished slavery in all of the U.S.