Sadler-Oxford Vocabulary Workshop Level H 10-12

acumen

n) keenness of sight; quickness or accuracy of judgement. shrewdness, acuity. [ignorance]

adjudicate

v) to act as judge in a matter; to settle through the use of a judge. mediate, arbitrate.

anachronism

n) a chronological misplacing of events etc in regard to each other. chronological error.

apocryphal

adj) of doubtful or questionable authenticity. spurious, bogus. [authentic, true]

disparity

n) a difference or inequality in age, rank, etc; a dissimilarity or unlikeness. discrepancy. [similarity]

dissimulate

v) to hide or disguise one's true thoughts, feelings, intentions. dissemble, pretend. [reveal]

empirical

adj) derived from, dependent upon, or guided by practical experience etc, rather than by theory; so verifiable. experiential. [hypothetical]

flamboyant

adj) highly elaborate; vividly colored; strikingly brilliant/bold. showy. [seemly, sober]

fulsome

adj) offensively insincere or excessive, disgusting, sickening. inordinate, repulsive. [restrained, muted]

immolate

v) to kill as a sacrifice, especially by fire; to destroy or renounce for the sake of another. kill. [rescue, save]

imperceptible

adj) extremely slight; incapable of being perceived by the senses or mind. minimal, undetectable. [noticeable]

lackey

n) a uniformed male sevant; a servile follower. flunky, toady. [employer, boss]

liaison

n) the contact/means of communication between groups; a thickening or binding agent in foods. intermediary.

monolithic

adj) characterized by massiveness, solidness, and total uniformity.undifferentiated, massive. [diversified]

mot juste

n) the most suitable or exact word or expression. right word. [misusage, malapropism]

nihilism

n) a total rejection of existing laws, institutions, and moral values; extreme radicalism. [conservatism]

patrician

n) a member of the ruling class; adj) belonging to, befitting, or characteristic of such a person. aristocrat, noble. [peasant, commoner]

propitiate

v) to make someone or something flavorably inclined toward oneself; to conciliate, satisfy, or appease. placate, mollify. [alienate, estrange]

sic

adv) thus so; intentionally written so.

sublimate

v) to redirect the energy of a biological or instinctual impulse into a higher or more acceptable channel. rechannel, elevate.

apostate

n) one who forsakes his or her religion, party, or cause. turncoat, renegade. [loyalist]

bravado

n) a display of false or assumed courage. bluster, swagger. [bravery]

consensus

n) a collective agreement of opinion, feeling, or thinking. concord, harmony. [discord]

constrict

v) to make smaller or narrower, draw together, squeeze. to stop or cause to falter. contract, restrain. [dilate]

dichotomy

n) division into two contradictory or mutually exclusive parts. division. [oneness]

effusive

adj) highly demonstrative; unrestrained. lavish. [reserved]

euphoria

n) a feeling of great happiness without objective basis. bliss. [melancholy]

gothic

adj) characterized by a gloomy setting and grotesque events (as in a literary or artistic style). eerie.

impasse

n) a dead end; a position of no escape or no solution. deadlock.

lugubrious

adj) sad, mournful, or gloomy in mood. dismal, dolorous. [merry]

metamorphosis

n) complete transformation as if by magic. change.

mystique

n) an aura or attitude of mystery about something or someone. charisma.

non sequitur

n) an inference or conclusion that does not follow logically from the facts. unsound conclusion.

parlous

adj) full of danger or risk; perilous. risky. [safe]

punctilio

n) a minute detail of conduct or procedure; an instant of time. fine point.

quagmire

n) soft, soggy mud or slush; an entrapping situation. bog, morass. [bedrock]

quixotic

adj) extravagantly idealistic; visionary without regard to practical considerations. fanciful, utopian. [realistic, pragmatic]

raconteur

n) a person who tells stories with great skill. storyteller.

sine qua non

n) an essential or indispensable element. necessity, requisite.

vendetta

n) a prolonged feud between two families usually. blood feud.

apposite

adj) appropriate; suitable; apt. relevant. [inappropriate]

augur

n) a prophet or seer. v) to predict, foreshadow. oracle, bode.

bilk

v) to defraud, cheat, or swindle. dupe.

charisma

the special personal magnetism that makes an individual especially appealing. charm.

debilitate

v) to make weak or feeble. exhaust. [strengthen]

execrable

adj( utterly detestable, hateful, or abhorrent. odious, reprehensible. [commendable]

impinge

v) to strike against or collide with violently. to encroach or obtrude upon. affect.

labyrinth

n) a bewildering maze; any confusing or complicated situation. tangle.

narcissism

n) excessive self-love, absorption in oneself. egotism, conceit.

penultimate

adj) next to last

pastiche

n) a dramatic, musical, or literary work made up of bits and pieces from other works; a hodgepodge. patchwork.

precarious

adj) very uncertain or unsure; dangerous or risky. perilous. [secure]

rapport

n) a close and harmonious relationship. bond.

utilitarianism

adj) stressing practicality over other considerations; that good is determined purely by its usefulness.functional. [decorative, ornamental]

vacuous

adj) devoid of matter, substance, or meaning; lacking ideas or intelligence. void, empty. [trenchant, incisive]

vagary

n) an unpredictable, erratic, or seemingly purposeless action. whim.

viable

adj) capable of living or developing under normal circumstances. workable, feasible. [impracticable]

xenophobia

n) undue or unreasonable fear, hatred, or contempt of foreigners or strangers. provinciality, chauvinism.

zany

adj) clownish or funny in a crazy & bizarre way. n) one who plays the clown. buffoon. [decorous, sober, grave]

zealot

n) a fanatical partisan or ardent follower. fanatic.