Bureaucracy

According to monetarists, too much money and credit leads toSelect one:a. Inflation.b. A budget deficit.c. A budget surplus.d. Recession.e. Unemployment.

a. Inflation.

Once hired into the federal bureaucracy, a person is assigned a ________ rating, which determines one's salary range.Select one:a. General Scheduleb. step ladderc. plum bookd. Webere. Federal Register

a. General Schedule

The main job of federal bureaucrats is toSelect one:a. implement and regulate government policies.b. advise the president and cabinet on internal affairs.c. compete with the private sector for monopoly power.d. countervail the power of private corporations, especially monopolies.e. protect the interests of their constituencies.

a. implement and regulate government policies.

Which of the following programs receives the most funding?Select one:a. Medicareb. Supplemental Security Incomec. Medicaidd. Food Stampse. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

a. Medicare

The Reagan-era law which provided amnesty to many immigrants and tightened border controls was theSelect one:a. CHIPsb. McCain-Feingold Actc. Earned Income Tax Creditd. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Acte. Simpson-Mazzoli Act

e. Simpson-Mazzoli Act

Section 844 of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972Select one:a. was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.b. was interpreted by Congress to exclude college football.c. was supported by most colleges and universities.d. was vaguely written, eventually resulting in scores of court cases.e. specifically prohibits sex discrimination in college sports.

d. was vaguely written, eventually resulting in scores of court cases.

Food Stamps, low-interest student loans, and Temporary Aid to Needy Families are all examples ofSelect one:a. transfer payments.b. proportional taxes.c. relative deprivation.d. entitlements.e. regressive taxes.

a. transfer payments.

Which of the following statements about the hiring and firing of civil servants is FALSE?Select one:a. The top of the civil service is composed of about 9,000 members of the Senior Executive Service.b. Due to the merit system, it is easy to fire incompetent civil servants.c. Once hired, civil servants are assigned a General Schedule ranging from GS 1 to GS 18.d. The Office of Personnel Management has elaborate rules about hiring, promotion, and firing of civil servants.e. none of the above

b. Due to the merit system, it is easy to fire incompetent civil servants.

A recession occurs whenSelect one:a. It appears that the economy is about to experience negative growth.b. Energy prices increase.c. The stock market drops more than five hundred points in one day.d. The president and congress declare the American economy is in recession.e. The economy experiences two consecutive quarters of negative growth.

e. The economy experiences two consecutive quarters of negative growth.

What department manages the Endangered Species program?Select one:a. The Department of Transportationb. The Parks Departmentc. The Environmental Protection Agencyd. The US Fish and Wildlife Servicee. Congress

d. The US Fish and Wildlife Service

Amtrak and the United States Postal Service are examples ofSelect one:a. Cabinet departments.b. independent regulatory agencies.c. independent executive agencies.d. government corporations.e. executive commercial agencies.

d. government corporations.

The Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 has successfullySelect one:a. chlorinated the water systems of nearly every major city.b. improved the water quality of the Great Lakes and northeastern rivers.c. banned all oil drilling in off-shore rigs.d. abolished ocean dumping.e. all of the above

b. improved the water quality of the Great Lakes and northeastern rivers.

The unemployment rate for high school dropouts in 2006 wasSelect one:a. Nearly 100 percentb. About 50 percentc. About 5 percentd. About 10 percente. About 20 percent

e. About 20 percent

In the case of Munn v. Illinois, decided in 1877, the United States Supreme CourtSelect one:a. ruled that the Civil Service System was constitutional.b. upheld the right of government to regulate the business operations of a firm.c. ruled that states could not impose corporate income taxes.d. outlawed the patronage system.e. held that government had no right to regulate the business operations of a firm.

b. upheld the right of government to regulate the business operations of a firm.

The agency created to regulate labor-management relations is theSelect one:a. American Federation of Labor.b. Federal Reserve Board.c. National Labor Relations Board.d. Department of Labor.e. Department of Commerce

c. National Labor Relations Board.

Charles Murray's evaluation of the Great Society programs argued that these programsSelect one:a. helped to curb the spread of poverty, but actually made the situation worse for the nation's poor.b. did not curb the spread of poverty, and actually increased the number of the nation's poor.c. helped to curb the spread of poverty, but did not make the situation any better for the nation's poor.d. did not curb the spread of poverty, but strengthened the family as a social institution.e. helped to curb the spread of poverty and made the situation much better for millions of the nation's poor.

b. did not curb the spread of poverty, and actually increased the number of the nation's poor.

Who was the first advocate of protectionism in the United States?Select one:a. John Maynard Keynesb. Ronald Reaganc. Alexander Hamiltond. George Washingtone. James Madison

c. Alexander Hamilton

The Weberian model depicts a bureaucracy asSelect one:a. fundamentally dangerous to a democratic society.b. wasteful, bloated, over-staffed, over-paid, and arrogant.c. ambling and groping, affected by chance, and largely operating by a loosely run style of trial and error.d. inefficient, primarily concerned with maximizing its budget, and largely responsible for the growth of modern government.e. a well-organized machine with plenty of working, hierarchical parts.

e. a well-organized machine with plenty of working, hierarchical parts.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a common example of successful ________.Select one:a. decentralizationb. implementationc. deregulationd. fragmentatione. routinization

b. implementation

Which aspect of health care costs has increased the fastest?Select one:a. treatment for drug and alcohol abuseb. emergency room carec. prenatal cared. outpatient surgerye. prescription drugs

e. prescription drugs

The agency created to police the stock market is theSelect one:a. Securities and Exchange Commission.b. Federal Trade Commission.c. Federal Communications Commission.d. Federal Reserve Board.e. National Labor Relations Board.

a. Securities and Exchange Commission.

What is one of the oldest protections for business guaranteed by the Constitution?Select one:a. Congress' ability to coin money.b. Patents and copyrights.c. Presidential veto power.d. Freedom of association.e. Freedom of speech.

b. Patents and copyrights.

The creation of the new department of Homeland Security in 2002 is an example ofSelect one:a. reorganization.b. decentralization.c. administrative discretion.d. fragmentation.e. standard operating procedure.

a. reorganization.

The distribution of income in the United StatesSelect one:a. has shifted since 1950 towards middle-income people.b. makes Americans the richest people on earth.c. has shifted notably away from elderly people since 1965.d. is fairly equal compared to most nations in the world.e. is quite uneven.

e. is quite uneven.

Social welfare spendingSelect one:a. clearly accounts for the growth of government in America.b. Is higher in the US than in European democracies.c. has little to do with the growth and scope of government in America.d. has declined over the past several decades.e. clearly accounts for the shrinkage of government in America.

a. clearly accounts for the growth of government in America.

Fiscal policy refers toSelect one:a. The setting of interest rates.b. The creation of jobs.c. Federal taxing, spending, and borrowing.d. Printing of money.e. None of the above.

c. Federal taxing, spending, and borrowing.

Which program is a special tax benefit for working people who earn low incomes?Select one:a. Social Securityb. The Children's Health Insurance Programc. The Earned Income Tax Creditd. Unemployment Insurancee. Medicaid

c. The Earned Income Tax Credit

Social Security was a part of the economic program known asSelect one:a. The New Deal.b. Supply-side economics.c. The Great Society.d. Monetarism.e. The New Frontier.

a. The New Deal.

When Congress passes regulatory legislation for which it has established goals, it thenSelect one:a. assigns responsibility for administration to regulatory agencies and responsibility for enforcement to the courts.b. grants power to regulatory agencies to develop guidelines and enforce compliance.c. grants interest groups the power to develop the rules governing the new policy.d. establishes the guidelines that regulatory agencies must implement.e. authorizes the president to use his administrative discretion to implement the legislation.

b. grants power to regulatory agencies to develop guidelines and enforce compliance.

Creating new agencies, developing guidelines, and coordinating resources to achieve a policy goal is calledSelect one:a. actualization.b. bureaucratization.c. policymaking.d. regulation.e. implementation.

e. implementation.

The Cabinet department that has the largest budget is the Department ofSelect one:a. Defense.b. Education.c. the Treasury.d. Commerce.e. Health and Human Services.

e. Health and Human Services.

Benefits given by the government directly to individuals are known asSelect one:a. tax rebatesb. federal refundsc. transfer paymentsd. federal exchangese. tax cuts

c. transfer payments

Which of the following statements is TRUE about health care in the United States?Select one:a. The cost of medical care in the U.S. is highest in the world.b. Americans spend more money on health care than people in any other nation.c. Americans constitute the healthiest nation in the world.d. All of the above are true.e. A and B are true.

e. A and B are true.

President Bush hoped that the creation of the Department of Homeland Security in 2002 would help overcome problems of ________ involved in providing for security.Select one:a. standard operating proceduresb. centralizationc. lack of resourcesd. hierarchicalizatione. fragmentation

e. fragmentation

Which president declared "War on Poverty"?Select one:a. Ronald Reaganb. Bill Clintonc. George H. W. Bushd. Franklin D. Roosevelte. Lyndon Johnson

e. Lyndon Johnson

The ________ employs about one-fourth of all federal civilian workers, more than any other department or agency.Select one:a. Department of Educationb. Department of Laborc. Department of Health and Human Servicesd. Department of Justicee. Department of Defense

e. Department of Defense

Legislation that forbids labor contracts from requiring workers to join unions in order to hold their jobs is known asSelect one:a. Unfair labor practice legislation.b. Fair share laws.c. Right-to-unionize laws.d. Right-to-work laws.e. Right-to-choose laws.

d. Right-to-work laws.

As a whole, the permanent federal bureaucracy isSelect one:a. dominated by white males.b. more broadly representative of the American people than the rest of the federal government.c. less diverse in terms of the type of jobs than the private sector.d. now employing 15 percent of the American work force.e. composed of an American elite.

b. more broadly representative of the American people than the rest of the federal government.

Each of the following is a criticism of regulation EXCEPT that itSelect one:a. is too complex.b. does not work.c. lowers prices.d. distorts market forces.e. gives bureaucrats too much power.

c. lowers prices.

Which country does NOT invest portions of their social security system in the stock market?Select one:a. The United Statesb. Brazilc. Great Britaind. Polande. Chile

a. The United States

American health care costs are projected to be ________ percent of GDP by the year 2015.Select one:a. 40b. 10c. 20d. 5e. 15

c. 20

Which of the following is a reason that American health care expenses are so high?Select one:a. Americans have longer hospital stays.b. Doctors practice "offensive medicine" to avoid medical liability.c. High-tech care is available for previously untreatable conditions.d. Americans visit the doctor more often.e. All of the above.

c. High-tech care is available for previously untreatable conditions.

The Occupational Health and Safety Administration is responsible forSelect one:a. Regulating employer-based healthcare.b. Developing and enforcing rules regarding workplace safety.c. Promoting the rights of workers to engage in collective bargaining.d. All of the above.e. None of the above.

b. Developing and enforcing rules regarding workplace safety.

What organization regulates international trade?Select one:a. The Federal Trade Commissionb. The Federal Open Market Committee.c. The World Trade Organizationd. The International Monetary Funde. The Securities and Exchange Commission

c. The World Trade Organization

Transfer paymentsSelect one:a. have the net effect of being regressive.b. have significantly redistributed income in America.c. are part of the proposed changes to make taxation more proportional.d. consist of cash and in-kind benefits from the government.e. all of the above

d. consist of cash and in-kind benefits from the government.

The government agency created to regulate stock fraud isSelect one:a. The New York Stock Exchange.b. The Treasury Department.c. The Internal Revenue Serviced. The Federal Bureau of Investigation.e. The Securities and Exchange Commission.

e. The Securities and Exchange Commission.

Compared to most Western democracies, the United States providesSelect one:a. an average amount of social welfare benefits.b. overly generous social welfare benefits.c. relatively few social welfare benefits.d. selective rather than universal social welfare payments.e. more cash transfers, but fewer in-kind transfers.

c. relatively few social welfare benefits.

The best predictor of voters' evaluation of how the president is doing his job isSelect one:a. The ability to cut taxes.b. How the media covers the president.c. The view of the United States abroad.d. How the question is asked.e. The state of the economy.

e. The state of the economy.

Congress tries to control the bureaucracy through each of the following EXCEPTSelect one:a. holding hearings.b. rewriting legislation.c. influencing the appointment of agency heads.d. issuing congressional orders.e. both A and B.

d. issuing congressional orders.

The view that free trade contributes to a "race to the bottom" as companies search for low cost labor is most likely to be held by:Select one:a. Wal-Mart shoppers.b. Business executives.c. Republicans.d. Labor unions and union workers.e. All of the above.

d. Labor unions and union workers.

Approximately ________ percent of all mothers have never been married.Select one:a. 5b. 30c. 10d. 15e. 40

e. 40

Unions have tended to be skeptical of free trade for which of the following reasons:Select one:a. They fear it promotes a "race to the bottom."b. They fear it encourages companies to move jobs overseas in search of cheaper labor.c. It allows consumers to buy cheaper goods at stores like Wal-Mart.d. A, B, and C.e. A and B only.

e. A and B only.

To limit bureaucratic discretion and make its instructions clearer, Congress canSelect one:a. write new and more detailed legislation.b. threaten to cut an agency's budget.c. deregulate.d. hold congressional hearings.e. reregulate.

a. write new and more detailed legislation.

Federal spending on social programs ________ spending on the military and homeland security.Select one:a. is slightly higher thanb. is substantially higher thanc. is about the same asd. is much lower thane. is slightly less than

b. is substantially higher than

Which of the following is NOT true about health care in America?Select one:a. By the mid-1990s, Americans had spent over $1 trillion a year on health care.b. Informally, health care is rationed in the U.S.c. Americans are the healthiest people in the world.d. Much of the money Americans pay for health care goes to services like organ transplants, kidney dialysis, and other treatments that are not widely available outside the United States.e. The United States spends a higher proportion of its wealth on health care than any other country.

c. Americans are the healthiest people in the world.

The biggest chunk of transfer payments goes toSelect one:a. Temporary Aid to Needy Families (TANF) in particular.b. the elderly and other recipients of social security.c. unmarried black females with children.d. means-tested programs in general.e. foreign aid.

b. the elderly and other recipients of social security.

Most regulatory agencies adopt specific ________ to carry out a policy, based on what they believe was the intended purpose of the specific policy at hand.Select one:a. incentive systemsb. iron trianglesc. merit principlesd. guidelinese. mandates

d. guidelines

Which of the following is NOT true about the Food and Drug Administration?Select one:a. It has broad regulatory powers over the manufacturing, contents, marketing, and labeling of food and drugs.b. It has the regulatory power to cap the retail prices of food and drugs and prevent profiteering by food and drug companies.c. Recent budget cuts have left it overburdened and seriously understaffed.d. It has the responsibility to ascertain the safety and effectiveness of new drugs before approving them for marketing in America.e. All of these are true.

b. It has the regulatory power to cap the retail prices of food and drugs and prevent profiteering by food and drug companies.

Which of the following best describes the relationship between the American government and labor unions in the nineteenth and early twentieth century?Select one:a. Government encouraged workers to strike for better wages and benefits.b. Government promoted union membership.c. Government allied with business elites to squelch labor unions.d. Both A and B.e. Both B and C.

c. Government allied with business elites to squelch labor unions.

The term "political business cycle" was coined to captureSelect one:a. The annual appropriations of funds in Congress.b. The money spent on political campaigns during presidential election years.c. The way the Fed manipulates interest rates to foster economic growth.d. The way businesses provide money to politicians to gain support for legislation they wish to have adopted.e. The way politicians manipulate the economy for short-run advantages to win elections.

e. The way politicians manipulate the economy for short-run advantages to win elections.

Among the key programs included in the New Deal wereSelect one:a. Social Security.b. Aid for the poor.c. Tax cuts for the wealthy.d. All of the above.e. A and B only.

e. A and B only.

The rationale for the civil service rests on theSelect one:a. need for job replacements when a new party comes to power.b. General Schedule rating system for patronage appointees.c. desire to create a nonpartisan government service and promotion on the basis of merit.d. the need to separate military institutions from civilian institutions to prevent undue military influence.e. goal of centralizing government employment at the federal level.

c. desire to create a nonpartisan government service and promotion on the basis of merit.

Who said, "nothing is certain in life but death and taxes"?Select one:a. James Madisonb. Thomas Jeffersonc. John F. Kennedyd. Franklin D. Roosevelte. Benjamin Franklin

e. Benjamin Franklin

Who measures how many and what types of workers are unemployed?Select one:a. The Securities and Exchange Commissionb. The Occupational Health and Safety Administrationc. The Bureau of Labor Statisticsd. The Federal Reserve Systeme. The Campus Living Wage Project

c. The Bureau of Labor Statistics

There are ________ cabinet departments headed by a secretary chosen by the president and approved by the Senate.Select one:a. fiveb. 20c. 10d. 15e. 25

d. 15

What was the purpose of the Hatch Act?Select one:a. To prohibit civil servants from actively participation in partisan politics while they are on duty.b. To allow all civil service employees to run for partisan elective office while they are working for the government.c. To ensure that all bureaucracies within the government are modeled with a hierarchical structure.d. To prohibit bureaucrats from reporting to the president before they report to Congress.e. To prohibit patronage appointments and install a system based on merit.

a. To prohibit civil servants from actively participation in partisan politics while they are on duty.

A major study by Charles Murray argues thatSelect one:a. not only did the social programs of the Great Society fail to curb the advance of poverty, they actually made the situation worse.b. although the Great Society did not eliminate poverty, it did reduce the number of poor.c. macroeconomic cycles were responsible for much of the movement into and out of poverty during the post-1965 period.d. there is a "new poverty" in America that is largely the result of deindustrialization, foreign competition, the exploitation of part-time workers and stagnation of the minimum wage.e. although the Great Society was able to reduce poverty in America, it had no effect on racial discrimination.

a. not only did the social programs of the Great Society fail to curb the advance of poverty, they actually made the situation worse.

Which country is the leading producer of carbon dioxide?Select one:a. Chinab. Francec. Japand. United Statese. India

d. United States

The law requiring the federal government to actively protect endangered species, regardless of the economic effect, is theSelect one:a. Endangered Species Act of 1973b. Prevent Extinction Act of 1973c. Environmental Protection Act of 1970d. US Wilderness Act of 1970e. None of the above.

a. Endangered Species Act of 1973

The first regulatory agency created in the US was theSelect one:a. National Labor Relations Boardb. Federal Trade Commissionc. Interstate Commerce Commissiond. Securities and Exchange Commissione. Federal Communications Commission

c. Interstate Commerce Commission

Proposals to reorganize the government in order to solve the problem of bureaucratic fragmentationSelect one:a. are opposed by congressional committees, fearing they will be given greater responsibility to oversee larger and more diverse agencies.b. are often opposed by agencies not wanting to be submerged within a broader bureaucratic unit.c. are supported and opposed for all of these reasons.d. tend to be supported by Republican presidents, who advocate governmental centralization.e. are supported by interest groups, who feel they could better control the regulatory programs of a reorganized bureaucracy.

b. are often opposed by agencies not wanting to be submerged within a broader bureaucratic unit.

Which of the following countries has the highest infant mortality rate?Select one:a. Franceb. Italyc. Japand. United Statese. Canada

d. United States

Currently, there are approximately ________ workers per Social Security recipient.Select one:a. nineb. fivec. 10d. 3.4e. seven

d. 3.4

The term "discouraged workers" refers to:Select one:a. Workers whose pay has not increased.b. Workers who hate their jobs.c. Unemployed workers who left jobs they did not like.d. Unemployed workers who have given up their search for a new job.e. Workers who can't compete in the global economy.

d. Unemployed workers who have given up their search for a new job.

The tax that can be used to redistribute income from the rich to the poor is aSelect one:a. regressive tax.b. relative deprivation tax.c. proportional tax.d. progressive tax.e. sales tax.

d. progressive tax.

Supplementary Security Income (SSI) is a means-tested program forSelect one:a. elderly Americans who have not yet reached retirement age.b. the unemployed.c. elderly, blind, or disabled people whose income is below a certain amount.d. workers who have been laid off and cannot work.e. women, infants, and children.

c. elderly, blind, or disabled people whose income is below a certain amount.

Which of the following is an independent executive agency?Select one:a. National Aeronautics and Space Administrationb. U.S. Postal Servicec. National Science Foundationd. All of the abovee. Both A and C.

e. Both A and C.

Which of the following is NOT true about the Superfund?Select one:a. Taxes on chemical products are used to pay for it.b. It has successfully located and isolated the country's toxic waste dump sites and has completely cleaned more than half of those sites.c. Its costs represent the fastest growing segment of the nation's environmental budget.d. It is administered by the EPA.e. It was created by Congress in part to respond to the Love Canal disaster in New York state.

b. It has successfully located and isolated the country's toxic waste dump sites and has completely cleaned more than half of those sites.

If Henry Ford's legacy on the American economy is the assembly line, then Sam Walton is famous forSelect one:a. Overseeing General Motors takeover of Ford as the dominant American auto manufacturer.b. Creating Microsoft, a company whose technology transformed the American economy.c. Creating Wal-Mart, a company that has transformed the American economy.d. Advocating a return to more labor intensive handicraft production.e. Leading the government's anti-trust case against Ford Motor Company.

c. Creating Wal-Mart, a company that has transformed the American economy.

Inflation refers toSelect one:a. The number of jobs created in a year.b. The decline in the price for consumer goods.c. The rise in the price for consumer goods.d. The availability of credit.e. The value of the U.S. dollar compared to other countries' currencies.

c. The rise in the price for consumer goods.

Administrative personnel who exercise discretion, pay attention to routine, and deal directly with clientsSelect one:a. implement federal policies.b. are usually dismissed for not following standard operating procedures.c. are called street-level bureaucrats.d. are limited to high-level positions in the administration.e. are part of the Senior Executive Service.

c. are called street-level bureaucrats.

The most controversial energy source isSelect one:a. nuclear fuel.b. coal.c. solar.d. oil.e. natural gas.

a. nuclear fuel.

The Supreme Court case of Munn v. Illinois (1877)Select one:a. first established the right to own property as one of the rights of the Bill of Rights.b. upheld the constitutionality of the Interstate Commerce Commission.c. upheld the right of government to regulate the business operations of a firm.d. declared that regulation was not within the realm of state powers.e. set the precedent for deregulation.

c. upheld the right of government to regulate the business operations of a firm.

The coalition behind the Republican Party is most likely to be concerned with:Select one:a. Labor rightsb. Inflation and unemploymentc. Inflationd. Expanding government regulatione. None of the above

c. Inflation

Standard operating procedures accomplish all of the following EXCEPTSelect one:a. reduce red tape.b. make personnel interchangeable.c. save time.d. bring uniformity to complex organizations.e. treat citizens equally, regardless of class or race.

a. reduce red tape.

Those civil service employees who are in constant contact with the public (often a hostile one) and have considerable discretion are known asSelect one:a. street-level bureaucrats.b. routinizers.c. civil servants.d. General Schedule foot soldiers.e. the Senior Executive Service.

a. street-level bureaucrats.

Which of the following statements about the American Association of Retired Persons is FALSE?Select one:a. Its membership has been growing dramatically.b. It is the largest voluntary association in the world.c. It can claim to represent one American in eight.d. Its widespread respect and authority are due to the fact that it has avoided involvement in political activity.e. It speaks with authority on all questions associated with the elderly.

d. Its widespread respect and authority are due to the fact that it has avoided involvement in political activity.

Which of the following requirements resulted from the Hatch Act?Select one:a. Civil service employees cannot actively engage in partisan politics while on duty.b. Civil service employees in sensitive positions, such as those in the area of national security, cannot engage in political activities on or off duty.c. No civil servants are permitted to make individual contributions to political campaigns.d. All of the abovee. Both A and B.

e. Both A and B.

Which of the following would NOT be considered part of the Weberian model of bureaucracy?Select one:a. decentralized authority structureb. impersonalityc. task specializationd. extensive rulese. A and D only

a. decentralized authority structure

A transfer payment is one thatSelect one:a. is not based on need.b. provides money from the government's general treasury to those in specific need.c. requires some form of work in exchange for government assistance.d. provides tax credits from the government's general treasury to those in need.e. is paid in lieu of cash.

b. provides money from the government's general treasury to those in specific need.

One of the chief tasks of the Bureau of Labor Statistics is toSelect one:a. set the exchange rate for U.S. currency.b. oversee the implementation of tax policy.c. declare the U.S. economy is in recession.d. regulate trade.e. measure unemployment.

e. measure unemployment.

The "bank account" into which Social Security contributions are "deposited" and used to pay out eligible recipients is theSelect one:a. Federal Credit Unionb. National Bankc. Federal Reserved. Treasury Departmente. Social Security Trust Fund

e. Social Security Trust Fund

An "iron triangle" is also referred to asSelect one:a. a government corporation.b. a reverse diagonal.c. a subgovernment.d. an issue cabal.e. the alphabet soup of American government.

c. a subgovernment.

Which of the following countries has the highest average life expectancy?Select one:a. United Statesb. Canadac. Japand. Germanye. United Kingdom

c. Japan

Who is the current chairman of the Federal Reserve board?Select one:a. Robert Wagnerb. Ralph Naderc. Barney Frankd. Ben Bernankee. Alan Greenspan

d. Ben Bernanke

Which of the following energy sources is renewable?Select one:a. Windb. Solar energyc. Coald. Both A and B.e. All of the above.

d. Both A and B.

The Taft-Hartley Act:Select one:a. Continued to guarantee union rights to collective bargaining.b. Permitted states to adopt right-to-work laws.c. Gave the president a means to halt major strikes.d. Prohibited unfair labor practices by unions.e. All of the above.

e. All of the above.

________ is the authority of administrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem.Select one:a. Administrative discretionb. Administrators' dispositionc. Deregulationd. Executive powere. Standard operating procedure

a. Administrative discretion

The consumer price index measuresSelect one:a. The change in the amount of taxes paid by individuals.b. The change in what various incomes can buy.c. The change in the cost of buying a fixed basket of goods and services.d. The change in income, controlling for periods of unemployment.e. The change in the prime lending rate.

c. The change in the cost of buying a fixed basket of goods and services.

Which of the following is NOT true about "iron triangles"?Select one:a. They add a strong decentralizing and fragmenting element to the government's policymaking process.b. They are also known as subgovernments.c. They are indestructible.d. They present tremendous difficulties for Congress and the president when they attempt to control the bureaucracy.e. none of the above

c. They are indestructible.

The official name of the 1996 welfare reform law isSelect one:a. Aid to Families with Children.b. The USA Patriot Act.c. CHIPs.d. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act.e. Aid to Families with Dependent Children.

d. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act.

Which of the following statements is FALSE?Select one:a. The bureaucracy has not grown significantly over the past two generations.b. The federal bureaucracy has shrunk in size relative to the population it serves.c. The bureaucracy has grown significantly over the past two generations.d. The population of the US have grown significantly over the past two generations.e. A strong case can be made that the bureaucracy to too small for the many tasks assigned to it.

c. The bureaucracy has grown significantly over the past two generations.

The National Environmental Policy Act, the Clean Air Act, and the Water Pollution Control Act are implemented by theSelect one:a. Department of Transportation (DOT).b. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).c. Department of the Interior (DOI).d. President's National Environmental Council.e. Department of Energy (DOE).

b. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The Weberian theory of bureaucracies views them in the most positive light asSelect one:a. inefficient.b. democratic.c. hierarchical.d. monopolistic.e. acquisitive.

c. hierarchical

One of the biggest problems in terms of perceptions of welfare recipients, according to Martin Gilens, is that Americans' attitudes areSelect one:a. making the stigma of welfare worse.b. creating even more "undeserving poor."c. predominantly conservative.d. "race coded."e. too liberal.

d. "race coded.

Oil accounts for ________ percent of the energy Americans useSelect one:a. 50b. 20c. 10d. 40e. 30

d. 40

Federal employees are prohibited from active participation in partisan politics through theSelect one:a. Pendleton Act.b. Hatch Act.c. Twenty-fifth Amendment.d. merit system.e. Supreme Court ruling in Democratic National Committee v. Hayes.

b. Hatch Act.

Which of the following statements is TRUE?Select one:a. Most federal bureaucrats work in Washington, DC.b. Only 12% of federal bureaucrats work in Washington, DC.c. There are nearly 90,000 federal civil employees working in foreign countries and American territories.d. All of the above.e. Both B and C.

e. Both B and C.

When bureaucrats are asked to execute orders with which they do not agree,Select one:a. slippage is likely to occur between policy decisions and performance.b. they can file a Conflict Of Interest Form and will be exempted from that duty by their boss.c. implementation follows standard operating procedures.d. they are likely to lose their jobs if they do not follow through with the orders.e. they usually ignore the orders.

a. slippage is likely to occur between policy decisions and performance

The impact of the federal budget-taxes, spending, and borrowing-on the economy describes:Select one:a. Budgetary policy.b. Monetary policy.c. Economic policy.d. Fiscal policy.e. Trade policy.

d. Fiscal policy.

Which of the following is a cabinet department?Select one:a. Department of Homeland Securityb. Department of Educationc. Department of Stated. All of the above.e. None of the above.

d. All of the above.

An employer is forbidden to fire or discriminate against a worker who advocates the possibility of unionizing under a provision ofSelect one:a. The Taft-Hartley Actb. The First Amendmentc. The National Labor Relations Actd. All of the abovee. None of the above

c. The National Labor Relations Act

The National Institutes of HealthSelect one:a. administers the national health insurance system in the United States.b. administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs.c. provides funds for medical research in the United States.d. is the federal agency that regulates private health insurance companies.e. is the largest hospital and physicians interest group in the United States.

c. provides funds for medical research in the United States.

________ is a hiring and promotion system based on knowing the right people, working in an election campaign, making large political donations, and/or having the right connections to win jobs with the government.Select one:a. The golden gateb. Administrative discretionc. The federal civil serviced. The patronage systeme. The bureaucracy

d. The patronage system

The Supreme Court ruling in General Dynamics Land Systems Inc.v Cline determined thatSelect one:a. Women deserve equal pay for equal work.b. Americans have the right to join labor unionsc. Federal law permits companies to choose not to hire older workers.d. Affirmative action hiring practices were unconstitutional.e. Federal law did not prohibit the favoring of older workers over younger ones.

e. Federal law did not prohibit the favoring of older workers over younger ones.

Secretaries of the cabinet departments areSelect one:a. chosen by the president.b. approved by the Senate.c. confirmed by the Supreme Court.d. both A and B.e. both A and C.

d. both A and B.

The share of national income earned by various groups in the United States is described by the concept ofSelect one:a. socioeconomic stratification.b. income relativity.c. wealth allocation.d. income distribution.e. the apple pie.

d. income distribution.

The sales tax is an example of a(n)________ tax.Select one:a. progressiveb. regressivec. earned income tax creditd. unitarye. proportional

b. regressive

The 96 agencies that are all involved in issues of nuclear proliferation constitute an example of ________ within the bureaucracy.Select one:a. general scheduleb. standard operating proceduresc. lack of resourcesd. fragmentatione. discretion

d. fragmentation

Capitalism isSelect one:a. An economic system in which public agencies manage fundamental aspects of monetary policy.b. An advanced system of stock management.c. An economic system based on the Federal Reserve.d. An economic system in which individuals and corporations own the principal means of production.e. An economic system in which the government owns the means of production.

d. An economic system in which individuals and corporations own the principal means of production.

The poverty rate is highest among which of the following groups?Select one:a. people over 65.b. African Americans.c. residents of central cities.d. Caucasians who live in Appalachia.e. Hispanics.

b. African Americans.

The economic theory encouraged by Arthur Laffer and supported by President Reagan is known asSelect one:a. Tax and spend.b. Voodoo economicsc. Deficit spending.d. Supply-side economicse. Keynesianism

d. Supply-side economics

If one person earns twice as much as another, but each pays 15 percent of their income in taxes, then the tax system isSelect one:a. redistributive.b. proportional.c. egalitarian.d. progressive.e. regressive.

b. proportional.

The use of government authority to control or change some practice in the private sector is known asSelect one:a. regulation.b. oversight.c. executive review.d. public administration.e. socialism.

a. regulation

All regulations contain each of the following elements EXCEPTSelect one:a. a set of rules and guidelines by the regulatory agency itselfb. a grant of power and set of directions from Congressc. some means of enforcing compliance with congressional goals and agency regulationsd. presidential oversight and control of enforcemente. All of these are elements of the regulatory process.

d. presidential oversight and control of enforcement

Which of the following statements best describes how liberals are likely to think about the economy:Select one:a. The government should cut taxes to foster economic growth.b. The government should stay away from regulating the economy.c. The government should determine economic decisions.d. The government should regulate the business world.e. The government should promote free trade.

d. The government should regulate the business world.

The ________ is the president's own final authority on any agency's budget.Select one:a. Congressional Budget Officeb. Office of the Vice Presidentc. Securities and Exchange Commissiond. Department of Treasurye. Office of Management and Budget

e. Office of Management and Budget

Each bureaucratic agency is created initially bySelect one:a. constitutional provision.b. Congress.c. order of a federal court.d. the president.e. the bureaucracy itself.

b. Congress.

Which of the following is NOT an independent regulatory agency?Select one:a. Department of Homeland Securityb. Department of the Treasuryc. National Labor Relations Boardd. Federal Communications Commissione. Both A and B.

e. Both A and B.

Bill Clinton's 1996 welfare reform policy isSelect one:a. Food Stampsb. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Actc. Head Startd. Social Securitye. Aid to Families with Dependent Children

b. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act

Standard operating procedures accomplish all of the following EXCEPTSelect one:a. make personnel interchangeable.b. reduce red tape.c. save time.d. bring uniformity to complex organizations.e. treat citizens equally, regardless of class or race.

b. reduce red tape.

A major complaint of the Food and Drug Administration isSelect one:a. its lack of clarity.b. that there is no administrative discretion.c. the fragmentation of responsibilities.d. that too much food is contaminated by dirt and rodents.e. the shortage of personnel.

e. the shortage of personnel.

According to the US Census, the 2006 median American household income was approximatelySelect one:a. $30,000b. $40,000c. $48,000d. $60,000e. $125,000

c. $48,000

What is the most common means of access to health care in the United States?Select one:a. HMOsb. Medicarec. Emergency room treatmentd. Medicaide. Private insurance plans

e. Private insurance plans

Which of the following statements about the Superfund is FALSE?Select one:a. Its purpose is to pay for cleaning up toxic waste.b. It was created by taxing chemical products.c. It has been highly successful.d. A single polluter can be forced to pay for cleanup of a site that was also polluted by many others.e. The law can force polluters to clean up pollution that occurred even before the law was passed.

c. It has been highly successful.

Perhaps the most consistently successful environmental campaigns in the post-war era have been those aimed atSelect one:a. toxic waste cleanup.b. air pollution.c. wilderness preservation.d. water pollution.e. energy conservation.

c. wilderness preservation.

George W. Bush's proposal for lowering medical costs by encouraging health savings accounts can best be described asSelect one:a. market based.b. cheap.c. egalitarian.d. socialist.e. popular.

a. market based.

Which of the following statements about bureaucracies is FALSE?Select one:a. Government bureaucracies have been shown to be less efficient and effective than private bureaucracies.b. The vast majority of tasks carried out by governments are noncontroversial.c. Bureaucracies are simply a way of organizing people to perform work.d. Bureaucracies receive very little credit when they function well.e. Bureaucracies are prevalent in all levels of government.

a. Government bureaucracies have been shown to be less efficient and effective than private

An entitlement program is oneSelect one:a. which requires a means test to qualify.b. guaranteed in the Constitution.c. to which only a small group of people are entitled.d. which provides benefits regardless of financial need.e. none of the above

d. which provides benefits regardless of financial need.

A major problem for presidents and Congress in controlling bureaucracies is the existence ofSelect one:a. Supreme Court rulings curbing the scope of their oversight.b. standard operating procedures.c. "iron triangles."d. the incentive system.e. the plum book.

c. "iron triangles.

U.S. trade policy might be described as protectionist ifSelect one:a. It encouraged globalization.b. It promoted free trade.c. It made sure food and toys imported from abroad were safed. It encouraged cheap toys made in China to be sold in U.S. stores.e. It used tariffs and other measures to keep foreign products out of the U.S.

e. It used tariffs and other measures to keep foreign products out of the U.S.

Conservatives complain aboutSelect one:a. High taxesb. The size of the public sectorc. Excessive regulation of the private sectord. The oppressive scope of government regulatione. All of the above

e. All of the above

Which of the following countries does NOT provide universal health care for its citizens?Select one:a. Germanyb. Canadac. Japand. Great Britaine. None of the above

e. None of the above

In order to insulate the Fed from political pressureSelect one:a. Its members serve 14 year terms.b. Its members are selected by a nonpartisan commission.c. The Congress has no role in appointing its members.d. The Congress, and not the president, has the power to appoint members.e. Its members cannot be members of either the Democratic, or the Republican Parties.

a. Its members serve 14 year terms.

The rationale for the civil service rests on theSelect one:a. need to separate military institutions from civilian institutions to prevent undue military influence.b. goal of centralizing government employment at the federal level.c. General Schedule rating system for patronage appointees.d. desire to create a nonpartisan government service and promotion on the basis of merit.e. need for job replacements when a new party comes to power.

d. desire to create a nonpartisan government service and promotion on the basis of merit.

Which of the following statements about Congress and the bureaucracy is FALSE?Select one:a. Members of Congress often find a big bureaucracy congenial.b. Bureaucracies can help Congress find answers to policy problems.c. Bureaucracies help provide services to constituents.d. Congress has found it easy to control the bureaucracy.e. none of the above

d. Congress has found it easy to control the bureaucracy.

Today, 87 percent of the nation's energy comes fromSelect one:a. oil, sunlight, and wind.b. coal, sunlight, and wind.c. coal, oil, and sunlight.d. oil, natural gas, and sunlight.e. coal, oil, and natural gas.

e. coal, oil, and natural gas.

The official name of Social Security from FDR's New Deal isSelect one:a. Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIPs)b. Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI)c. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)d. Medicaree. Aid to Families with Children (AFC)

b. Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI)

A ________ tax takes a higher percentage from the incomes of the rich than the poor.Select one:a. proportionalb. regressivec. relative deprivationd. progressivee. flat

d. progressive

When the economy experiences two consecutive quarters of negative growth, it is said to be inSelect one:a. A great depression.b. A hard time.c. A recession.d. A modest downturn.e. A cycle of decline.

c. A recession.

Which of the following would not be considered a street-level bureaucrat?Select one:a. a municipal court judgeb. a welfare workerc. a police officerd. a mail carrier who delivers mail exclusively in a high-rise buildinge. an assistant secretary in the Department of Transportation

e. an assistant secretary in the Department of Transportation

Unemployed workers who have given up their search for a new job are known asSelect one:a. Lazy.b. Discouraged workers.c. Unemployable workers.d. Welfare recipients.e. The underclass.

b. Discouraged workers.

The government agency that serves as a counselor, advisor, and loan maker to small businesses isSelect one:a. the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.b. the Small Business Lending Council.c. the Small Business Administration.d. the Treasury Department.e. the Federal Reserve.

c. the Small Business Administration.

Until the late-nineteenth century, most government employees got their jobs throughSelect one:a. the patronage system.b. civil service testing.c. hereditary preferences.d. the merit principle.e. a lottery system.

a. the patronage system.

The federal program that permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for doctor fees and other nonhospital expenses isSelect one:a. Medicare Part B.b. Medicaid.c. social insurance program.d. Medicare Part A.e. the American Association of Retired Persons.

a. Medicare Part B.

The ________ Act was passed partly as a memorial to the memory of President James Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881.Select one:a. Interstate Commerceb. Treasonc. Voting Rightsd. Pendleton Civil Servicee. Hatch

d. Pendleton Civil Service

Which of the following is not influenced in a major way by the actions of the Fed?Select one:a. Inflationb. Commercial interest ratesc. The minimum waged. The unemployment ratee. Money supply

c. The minimum wage

As a whole, the permanent bureaucracy isSelect one:a. overwhelmingly African American, female, and not so well-paid.b. better paid than are similar jobs in the private sector.c. more broadly representative of the American people than legislators, judges, or presidential appointees.d. nearly all white, male, and well-paid.e. a reflection of participatory politics, since most government workers are hired through the patronage system.

c. more broadly representative of the American people than legislators, judges, or presidential appointees.

The Voting Rights Act of 1965Select one:a. was successfully implemented thanks to its clear goal, its clear methods to achieve the goal, and its lack of bureaucratic fragmentation.b. was very difficult to implement because of the fragmentation of responsibility for implementing it.c. was impossible to implement because of a lack of clarity in the legislation.d. failed to achieve its policy goals because of the outright hostility of street-level bureaucrats.e. All but D are true.

a. was successfully implemented thanks to its clear goal, its clear methods to achieve the goal, and its lack of bureaucratic fragmentation

Patronage is a hiring and promotion system based onSelect one:a. civil service exams.b. the merit principle.c. the Pendleton Act.d. talent and skill.e. knowing the right people.

e. knowing the right people.

Antitrust policy is designed to do all of the following except:Select one:a. Prevent monopoly.b. Ensure competition.c. Control excess corporate power.d. Support monopoly.e. Prevent restraints on trade.

d. Support monopoly.

All civil service systems are designed toSelect one:a. create job replacements when a new party comes to power.b. ensure the General Schedule rating system for patronage appointments.c. centralize government employment at the federal level.d. create a system that ranks and rewards employees by their time spent in government.e. create a nonpartisan government service with promotion on the basis of merit.

e. create a nonpartisan government service with promotion on the basis of merit.

Today's Social Security payment is approximately ________ percent of the average worker's wages.Select one:a. 10b. 15c. 56d. 36e. 46

d. 36

Which president promised to "end welfare as we know it"?Select one:a. Bill Clintonb. George. W. H. Bushc. Richard Nixond. Ronald Reagane. George W. Bush

a. Bill Clinton

An example of an entitlement program isSelect one:a. Medicaidb. Social Securityc. Medicared. Food stampse. Both B and C

e. Both B and C

Which of the following is TRUE about wealth and income in American society?Select one:a. Income is distributed less equally than wealth.b. Wealth is distributed less equally than income.c. Wealth and income are distributed about the same in society.d. Wealth and income are the same thing.e. none of the above

b. Wealth is distributed less equally than income.

Independent regulatory agencies haveSelect one:a. no real enforcement power any more, and remain today as part of the federal government only in a ceremonial role.b. governing commissions composed of long-time federal Civil Service employees.c. no formal ties to either the president or the Congress.d. powerful rule-making, dispute-settling, and enforcement authority.e. complete independence from the president, but their policymakers are appointed by Congress.

d. powerful rule-making, dispute-settling, and enforcement authority.

Inflation is more likely to be a concern ofSelect one:a. Liberals.b. Republicans.c. Members of the House of Representatives.d. Democrats.e. Incumbents.

b. Republicans.

The icon for economic leadership among Democrats isSelect one:a. Ronald Reagan.b. Franklin Roosevelt.c. Teddy Roosevelt.d. Bill Clinton.e. Andrew Jackson.

b. Franklin Roosevelt.

Which of the following statements is FALSE?Select one:a. One-seventh of US workers are immigrants.b. Two-third of US immigrants are NOT from Mexico.c. One-third of US immigrants in the past few years have come from Mexico.d. About 13% of Americans are first generation immigrants.e. Compared to other nations, the US has a very low percentage of immigrants.

e. Compared to other nations, the US has a very low percentage of immigrants.

What is it called when corporations move operations and jobs to another country?Select one:a. Free trade.b. Offshore outsourcing.c. Laissez-faire economics.d. Multinational corporations.e. Keynesian economics.

b. Offshore outsourcing.

The schedule for federal employees ranging from GS 1 to GS 18, by which salaries are keyed to rating and experience is called theSelect one:a. Federal Registerb. Merit Schedulec. General Scheduled. Spoils Systeme. Hatch Register

c. General Schedule

The Federal Reserve Board is intended to beSelect one:a. Formally under the control of Congress.b. Replaced by each new president.c. Formally under the control of the president.d. Half Democrat and half Republican.e. Independent of partisan politics.

e. Independent of partisan politics.

Why has globalization added income to the average U.S. family?Select one:a. Because it has allowed them to purchase cheaper products.b. Because it has increased the amount companies are willing to pay employees.c. Because it has allowed the average family to travel the world in search of bargains.d. Because illegal immigrants work for lower wages.e. Because stores like Wal-Mart have fought against labor unions.

a. Because it has allowed them to purchase cheaper products.

Subgovernments promoteSelect one:a. the control of the bureaucracy by Congress.b. presidential control of bureaucratic discretion.c. strong executive branch control of policymaking.d. centralization of authority.e. decentralized and fragmented policymaking.

e. decentralized and fragmented policymaking.

A worker who has lost his job, has been unable to find a new job, and has given up the search for a new job is known asSelect one:a. Unemployable.b. An unemployed worker.c. An underemployed worker.d. A charity case.e. A discouraged worker.

e. A discouraged worker.

________ systems are designed to hire and promote members of the bureaucracy on the basis of merit and to create a nonpartisan government service.Select one:a. Civilianb. Militaryc. Civil serviced. Patronagee. Hatch

c. Civil service

A group of participants in bureaucratic policymaking with technical policy expertise and intellectual and emotional commitment to the issue is calledSelect one:a. a government corporation.b. an issue network.c. a subgovernment.d. an "iron triangle."e. a vested cohort.

b. an issue network.

What is the largest voluntary association in the world?Select one:a. American Association of Retired Personsb. Sierra Clubc. International Association of Workers and Peasantsd. Chinese Revolutionary Workers' Partye. National Patients' Union

a. American Association of Retired Persons

Arthur Laffer is credited with founding what economic policy?Select one:a. Supply-side economics.b. Demand-side economics.c. The New Deal.d. Laissez-faire.e. Keynesian economics.

a. Supply-side economics.

Our key measure of inflation is called theSelect one:a. Stock Marketb. Gross National Product.c. Laffer Curved. National Inflation Indexe. Consumer Price Index

e. Consumer Price Index

Which of the following statements about government regulation in America is accurate?Select one:a. Until 1887, the federal government made almost no regulatory policies and had no regulatory agencies.b. The Constitution set up only six regulatory agencies; the others have been created within the past 100 years or so.c. Regulatory agencies tended to be more popular in the early years of the nation's history, then grew more controversial during the late-nineteenth century.d. The Federal Communications Commission was the first independent regulatory agency.e. Both A and C.

a. Until 1887, the federal government made almost no regulatory policies and had no regulatory agencies.

Right to work legislationSelect one:a. guarantees the right of every American to have a job.b. prohibits age discrimination in hiring and firing of workers.c. prohibits racial discrimination in hiring and firing of workers.d. calls for the government to provide job training to the unemployed.e. forbids labor contracts from requiring workers to join unions.

e. forbids labor contracts from requiring workers to join unions.

What is the goal of the "political business cycle"?Select one:a. To re-elect the president.b. To create jobs.c. To increase tariffs.d. To put more money into consumers' pocketse. To lower taxes.

a. To re-elect the president.

When U.S. troops in Iraq have insufficient body armor and too few armored Humvees to protect them against roadside bombs, this is an example ofSelect one:a. a lack of resources.b. too many bureaucrats.c. a lack of managers.d. a bloated bureaucracy.e. a lack of personnel.

a. a lack of resources.

The 1992 presidential election was won by William Jefferson Clinton largely becauseSelect one:a. Voters' anti-war sentiments regarding the Persian Gulf War.b. The administration of George H.W. Bush was associated with corrupt corporate C.E.O.s.c. He capitalized on the economic downturn by stressing the economy in his campaign.d. All of the above.e. None of the above.

c. He capitalized on the economic downturn by stressing the economy in his campaign.

A ________ tax takes a higher percentage from those with lower incomes, and less from the wealthy.Select one:a. relative deprivationb. regressivec. proportionald. progressivee. flat

b. regressive

To successfully dispose of nuclear waste, it must be isolated from the environment for ________ years.Select one:a. 10,000b. 10c. 1,000d. 100e. 5,000

a. 10,000

A subcommittee on aging, senior citizens interest groups, and the Social Security Administration are likely toSelect one:a. agree on the need to eliminate Social Security benefits.b. agree on the need for more Social Security benefits.c. disagree on the need for more Social Security benefits.d. Dominate Social Security policymaking.e. B and D.

e. B and D.

There are roughly ________ civilian federal government employees.Select one:a. 19.6 millionb. 500,000c. 40 milliond. 1 millione. 2.7 million

e. 2.7 million

The policy that provided qualified individuals with a $600 rebate check from the IRS during the summer of 2008 is an example ofSelect one:a. Socialism.b. A stimulus package.c. Keynesianism.d. Supply-side economics.e. Vote-buying.

b. A stimulus package.

The loss of a breadwinner, a disability, or poor economic opportunity could lead someone to be viewed as a member of theSelect one:a. "deserving poor."b. feminized poor.c. "undeserving poor."d. means-tested.e. "austere" nation.

a. "deserving poor.

Which of the following statements is FALSE?Select one:a. Since the 1980s, the rich have gotten richer while the poor have gotten poorer.b. Since the 1980s, the rich have gotten poorer while the poor have gotten richer.c. The distribution of income is less equal today than it was in the 1960s and 1970s.d. During the 1960s and 1970s, the distribution of income was fairly constant.e. Both B and D are false.

b. Since the 1980s, the rich have gotten poorer while the poor have gotten richer.

Business groups are becoming increasingly active in health care policymaking becauseSelect one:a. private employers often pay the insurance premiums for their employees.b. businesses are run primarily by elderly Americans who have a vested interest in health care.c. healthy employees are more profitable to businesses.d. businesses contribute the most taxes that pay for Medicare and Medicaid.e. all of the above

a. private employers often pay the insurance premiums for their employees.

Social Security and MedicareSelect one:a. are the largest and most expensive social welfare programs in America.b. are voluntary programs aimed specifically at the poor.c. require an income and means test for eligibility.d. have had little effect on the health and income of older Americans.e. all of the above

a. are the largest and most expensive social welfare programs in America.

Which of the following is not part of the belief of supply-side economics?Select one:a. Government taxes are necessary for promoting growth.b. Government spends too freely.c. Big government soaks up too much of the GDP.d. Government regulates too tightly.e. Big government does not lead to job creation.

a. Government taxes are necessary for promoting growth.

Approximately ________ of the entire world's carbon dioxide is produced in the United States.Select one:a. 23 percentb. 40 percentc. 5 percentd. 50 percente. 60 percent

a. 23 percent

The average American life expectancy is ________ years old.Select one:a. 77b. 65c. 89d. 87e. 60

a. 77

The idea of all stimulus packages isSelect one:a. Redistribute wealth from the rich to the poor.b. To give people some money to spend so that economic growth gets spurred.c. Tax windfall profits from corporations in order to give money to consumers.d. Promote certain products in order to stimulate consumer interest and spending.e. Encourage the rich to spend money so that wealth can trickle down to the poor.

b. To give people some money to spend so that economic growth gets spurred.

Which of the following statements is FALSE?Select one:a. The FDA inspects less than 1 percent of all food imports.b. Congress is typically very enthusiastic about creating a single food safety agency to target inspections, streamline safety programs, and use resources more efficiently.c. The House Energy and Commerce Committee has oversight over the FDC.d. The House Agriculture Committee has oversight over the USDA.e. The FDA is so short of staff that it inspects the average U.S. food company just once every 10 years.

b. Congress is typically very enthusiastic about creating a single food safety agency to target inspections, streamline safety programs, and use resources more efficiently.