Amendments Test- Hyle

Amendment 1

Congress shall make no law: respecting the establishment of religion (also referred to as separation of church and state or merely, the establishment clause)

Amendment 1

Congress shall make no law: prohibiting the free exercise thereof (known as the free exercise clause)

Amendment 1

Congress shall make no law: abridging the free of speech (free speech clause)

Amendment 1

Congress shall make no law: abridging the freedom of the press (free press clause)

Amendment 1

Congress shall make no law: abridging the right of the people peaceably to assemble (protests)

Amendment 1

Congress shall make no law: abridging the right of the people to petition the Government for a redress of grievances (often applies when people gather to protest a government action/decision)

Amendment 2

A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed

Amendment 3

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered (means given a place to sleep and food) in any house, with the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment 4

protects against unreasonable searches and seizures

Amendment 4

requires that warrants allowing for search and seizure of a place or persons be based on probable cause

Amendment 5

No person can be held on a felony charge unless a Grand Jury hearing has issued an indictment.

Amendment 5

No person will be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life and limb (aka "double jeopardy").

Amendment 5

No person shall be compelled to be a witness against himself (protection against self-incrimination).

Amendment 5

No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of the law (aka the due process clause).
Be careful - this only applies to the federal government; Amendment 14's due process clause applies to state governments.

Amendment 5

Private property cannot be taken (it's called a taking) by the government for public use UNLESS just compensation if paid (usually means the fair market value of the property). The power governments have to "take" private property for public use is referr

Amendment 6

the right to a speedy trial

Amendment 6

the right to a public trial

Amendment 6

the right to an impartial jury

Amendment 6

the right to have his trial in the district wherein the crime shall have been committed

Amendment 6

the right to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation

Amendment 6

the right to be confronted with the witnesses against him

Amendment 6

the right to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor

Amendment 6

the right to have the assistance of counsel (a lawyer) for his defense

Amendment 7

Provides for a jury trial for civil suits where the value in controversy exceeds $20

Amendment 8

forbids the imposition of excessive bail or excessive fines

Amendment 8

protects against cruel and unusual punishment being inflicted

Amendment 9

The enumeration (listing) of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage other rights retained by the people.

Amendment 9

The Supreme Court has interpreted this amendment to guarantee people's right to privacy.

Amendment 10

The powers not delegated to the United States (federal government) by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Amendment 10

known as the "reserve clause" of the Constitution

Amendment 11

Limits the judicial power of the United States courts in cases where a state is sued by a citizen of another state or a foreign country.

Amendment 12

Changed the voting procedure for the Electoral College (separate ballots required for choosing the President and Vice President).

Amendment 13

Forbids slavery in any place in the United States

Amendment 13

Forbid involuntary servitude in the U.S., except as a punishment for a crime for which the person has been duly convicted

Amendment 14

often referred to as the "Second Bill of Rights" due to the fact that many of the protections found in the BofR, which originally applied only to the federal government, could now be applied to state governments

Amendment 14

The application of the Bill of Rights protections to the state governments is done by the Supreme Court when cases involving state governments' denial of a protection found in the BofR are decided by the Supreme Court. This process is known as incorporati

Amendment 14

states that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the U.S. and the state in which they live

Amendment 14

states that no state shall make or enforce laws which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States

Amendment 14

states that no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law *remember, this is the second due process clause in the Constitution and this one only applies to state actions

Amendment 14

forbids the states to deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws

Amendment 14

guaranteed the validity of the public debt of the United States following the Civil War (this means the debt would be repaid) and repudiates the Confederate debt (this means it won't be paid)

Amendment 15

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude (enfranchised former slaves who were male).

Amendment 16

Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, without apportionment among the several states and without regard to any census.

Amendment 17

provides for the direct election of U.S. Senators (prior to 1913, U.S. Senators were chosen by state legislatures)

Amendment 18

often referred to as the "Noble Experiment

Amendment 18

prohibited the manufacture, sale, transportation, importation, and exportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes

Amendment 19

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex (the woman's suffrage amendment).

Amendment 20

called the "Lame Duck" amendment

Amendment 20

stipulates that the terms of President and Vice President shall end at noon on January 20 after the election the November before

Amendment 20

stipulates that Congress shall meet at least once a year and such meeting will begin at noon on January 3, unless Congress by law designates another day

Amendment 21

repealed 18th Amendment (Prohibition)

Amendment 21

the only amendment to be ratified by state ratifying conventions (the other amendments were all ratified by state legislatures)

Amendment 22

limits a President's time in office to two terms or a maximum of ten years

Amendment 23

provides the District of Columbia with the same number of electoral votes as the least populous state

Amendment 24

forbid the collection of poll taxes in federal elections (election of the President and members of Congress)

Amendment 25

states that in case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President of the United States.

Amendment 25

provides that if a vacancy occurs in the office of the Vice Presidency, the President will nominate and both houses of Congress will confirm such appointment

Amendment 25

defines the process to be followed when the President becomes disabled and is unable to fulfill the duties and responsibilities of the office

Amendment 26

The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of age.

Amendment 26

this amendment was proposed and ratified in only three months, the shortest time for any amendment

Amendment 27

requires that a congressional pay raise go into effect after an election has been held for the House of Representatives

Amendment 27

this amendment was proposed in 1789 (as one of twelve which were sent to the states for approval as the Bill of Rights) and was not ratified; however, it was resurrected and ratified in 1993