Progressivism, Imperialism, & World War I

Progressivism

Social organization vital to improve the human condition

Populism

belief in the power of regular people, and in their right to have control over the government.

Muckrackers

expose real or alleged corruption, scandal, or the like, especially in politics

18th Amendement

prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States

19th Amendement

prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote

Imperialism

policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.

Spanish-American War

War between Spain and the United States, fought in the 1898.

Yellow Journalism

based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration

Roosevelt Corollary

was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Roosevelt

Militarism

belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military

Central Powers

Germany and its allies (Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire) in World War I

Allied Powers

Included Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and the United States

Trench warfare

type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other

Propaganda

information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view

Zimmerman Telegram

secret telegram sent on Jan. 16, 1917, by German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann

Victory Gardens

planted to increase food production during a war

Espionage and Sedition Acts

cover a broader range of offenses, notably speech and the expression of opinion that cast the government of the war effort

Selective Service Act

raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through the enlistment of people

War bonds

are debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations

Fourteen Points

goals of the United States in the peace negotiations after World War I