Deviant Behavior

Basic idea of Durkheimian functionalist view

is the perspective tries to explain parts of society by referencing to what function they serve to keep a society healthy

What was the father of functionalism trying to do?

Concerned with the
"problems of modernity" brought about by industrialization and urbanization
(worried about going from rural to dense urban centers)

what are the basic principles of Durkheimian view?

(orgnismic anology-) are like institutions like organs societies have institutions that preform vitle functions too.

Basic Principles of Durkheimian view

Questions asked are what does a given social phenomenon do for the maintenance and integration of society?

Basic Principles of Durkheimian view

They also emphasize things like how crime contributes to societal harmony

Durkheim - "The Normal and the Pathological"
key points:

Crime is a "normal" feature of societies Empirically, it exists in all societies (in some
form)

Durkheim - "The Normal and the Pathological"
key points:

crime is dynamic;
If wiped out, crime will "regenerate" like a
lizard's tail; a certain amount o crime is needed; There can be no "society of saints

Durkheim - "The Normal and the Pathological"
key points:

Crime implies that social change is possible
Crime sometimes directly paves the way for change, which is necessary for society's survival

Kai Erickson' s Wayward Puritans 1 key concept
Boundary Crises

Internal (e.g., political conflict) or external threats (e.g., war) to the "collective consciousness" of the group
These weaken society example: invent witch craft to draw people together

Kai Erickson' s Wayward Puritans 2nd key concept Crime Waves

Episodes of dramatic repressive (harsh) justice, which build up or restore a society's collective consciousness

How does boundary crises work?

it goes to the creation of deviance-> crime waves-> formation of restoration of collective consciousness

Merton , "Social Structure and Anomie" (reading)

he says crime results when two things happen they both have to happen not only one for example: thres to many people who want to be rich .
Theres always more pressure to increase anomie.

Basic Idea of Conflict View

in order to understand society, we must understand the struggle between groups as they are defined by race gender, age, social class, religion etc....society is a battlefield of competing interests.

Questions conflict Theorists ask?

Who has the power?
What makes them powerful?
What are the interest of the powerful groups?
How is authority maintained?

Roots of the perspective

Niccolo Machiavelli is an Itallian dramatist, historian, and philosopher. Human Nature, Politics: is about getting to keep the power, but no relation to morales.

Roots continued..

Karl Marx and his critique of society (coming up)

Last roots continued..

Max Weber (pronounced "Vay- bur")
- German sociologist
- Focused on the "iron
cage" of "convulsive self importance" caused by rationalization
- Also gave us a useful definition of "power"
"The probability that one actor in a social relationship will be in

Similarities between Conflict and Marxism

Both focus on conflict among groups

Differences between Conflict and Marxism

Marxists focus on conflict as a class conflict and Conflict theorist focus on conflict between more & less powerful groups

Continued differences:

Marxists singularly emphasized the role of the economic structure of society in creating deviance and Conflict theorists take a broader focus of the roots of deviance

Basic Principles

Critiques functionalism, people pursue their own self-interests, conflict is but in society, powerful groups use available means,

Richard Quinney 6 propositions

1.crime is defined by agents
2.definitions of criminal behavior describe acts that conflict with interest of the powerful
3. people in power apply definitions
4. different societal groups do different things based on their power level
5.definitions are co