Religion 201 Review

Atman

hindu thought, the soul resides in the heart. Being a source of life energy, as well as spiritual awareness.

Ahimsa

nonviolence; the idea of doing no creature any harm, because it has a huge effect of an individuals karma.

Anatta (anatman)

nonself", basically denies the idea of a soul being the center or reality for a human.

Avatar(a)

an incarnation of a god ascending to earth, they become life forms that help us with evil, or demons.

Bhakti

devotion to a deity, reaching salvation through rebirth

Brahman

a spirit of the world that came to rise at creation, Hindus hold it in imperial form (nirguna Brahman) or human form (saguna Brahman)

Buddha

means one who has awakened, ends their bondage to karma, and is reborn. One who enters nirvana.

Bodhisattva

Someone who is going to be a Buddha, in present or the future. Considered the highest human role. Some future Buddhas can become deities.

Dana

one of the four merit-making activities, "self-less" giving to diminish desire.

Dukkha

Suffering and sorrow pervades all our experiences. The world is a out of joint, "life's a drag.

Gurdwara

Sikh temple

Guru

a teacher in matters of spiritual and cultural, who people consider to be semi-divine.

Henotheism

Similar to monotheism, but one god is selected for worship from a larger group.

Jnana

union through discriminating knowledge.

Jiva

another word for the soul

Khalsa

Sikh organization for defense of faith

Karma

Literal meaning of action. But also refers to the effects of our actions on a being's future

Kundalini

A ritualized Hindu tantra seeking to arouse a dissipated primal power conceived as a serpent at the base of the spine.

Karuna

Compassion, motivated the Buddha to teach, it's also their principle virtue.

Moksha

release" from samsara, freedom from rebirth and redeath.

Mantra

a saying to meditate on

Maya

another word for illusion

Mahayana

The "great vehicle" that was the dominant school of Buddhism in Tibet and East Asia.

Nirvana

Blissful state of individuals who cut off connection to karma. Freeing themselves from future rebirth

Puja

A ritual offering to a deity

Shaktia

An innate, creative universal force seen as feminine.

Stupa

A distinctive Buddhist shrine

Sangha

Buddhist monastic community full of monks and nuns.

Shaivite (Shaiva)

A follower of Shiva

Samsara

World of rebirth that is subject to Karma and inevitable reality of death. Shared by multiple religions.

Shunyata

zero-ness", which is a term to demonstrate the emptiness of all constructs.

Shaktite (Shakta)

Devotees of Devi

Shaman

Person communicating with deities or spirits through a trance-like state.

Theravada

traditionalists, last surviving Buddhist school of the elders, popular through South, and Southeast Asia.

Vipassana

Buddhist mediation technique centered around calming ones mind, and discerning what is real.

Vaishnavaite (Vaishnava)

Someone devoted to Vishnu or his incarnation

Yajna

Fire sacrifices

Yoga

A term that means union, which signifies union with the divine.

Vedas

Which are important to Hindus. Containing Hindu hymns directed towards various deities.

Upanishads

Important to Hindus. They are appendices to Vedas. They record Hindu speculations on Brahman, atman, and moksha.

Puranas

Important to Hindus. Texts that extoll hitory, theology, and rituals for the expression of Bhakti faith.

Laws of Manu

Thought to be as old as 200 b.c., it's a hybrid moral-religious- law code.

Bhagavad Gita

Important to Hindus. Scripture in the great epic. States that Krishna is the ultimate deity.

Tripitika (Pali Canon)

3 baskets (tripikita), Vinyana (rules for monks), Sutta (discourses of the Buddha), Abidhamma (philosophical analysis of states of consciousness)

Shiva

Means the auspicious one. Shiva's essence can be found in all creative energies in this world, also if one devotes their bhakti practice to this lord, they can find their divine nature.

Agni

Guardian of ritual

Parvati

Goddess of the snow mountains. Marries Shiva, fathers divine sons Ganesh and Kumar.

Brahma

Stands for the creator.

Vishnu

Followers of Vishnu believe their chosen deity is the one who underlies all reality.

Ganesh

One of the most popular deities, most Hindus worship Ganesh for aid in worldly life rather than liberation.

Krishna

Complex and multifaceted god. takes many different forms. Many people believe that all gods originate from Krishna.

Lakshmi

The wealth goddess.

Dharma

Proper or ethical action.