Unit 8 Definitions

affluence

(n.) wealth, riches, prosperity; great abundance, plenty

arrears

(n.,pl.) unpaid or overdue debts; an unfinished duty

cascade

(n.) a steep, narrow waterfall; something falling or rushing forward in quantity; (v.) to flow downward (like a waterfall)

cringe

(v.) to shrink back or hide in fear or submissiveness

crotchety

(adj.) cranky, ill-tempered; full of odd whims

immobile

(adj.) not movable; not moving

impassable

(adj.) blocked so that nothing can go through

innovation

(n.) something new, a change; the act of introducing a new method, idea, device, etc.

jovial

(adj.) good-humored, in high spirits; merry

manacle

(n., usually pl.) a handcuff, anything that chains or confines; (v.) to chain or restrain (as with handcuffs)

martial

(adj.) warlike, fond of fighting; relating to war, the army, or military life

minimum

(n.) the smallest possible amount; (adj.) the lowest permissible or possible

nimble

(adj.) quick and skillful in movement, agile; clever

onset

(n.) the beginning, start (especially of something violent and destructive); an attack, assault

partition

(n.) something that divides (such as a wall); the act of dividing something into parts or sections; (v.) to divide or subdivide into parts or shares

perishable

(adj.) likely to spoil or decay

retrieve

(v.) to find and bring back, get back; to put right, make good

sinister

(adj.) appearing evil or dangerous; threatening evil or harm

taut

(adj.) tightly drawn, tense; neat, in good order

template

(n.) a pattern, typically in the form of metal, wood, or plastic; something that is used to imitate