Fashion vocabulary

Manufactured fiber

Made by man

Natural fiber

Comes from nature

Luster

A sheen on some fibers, created by the amount of reflected light

Pill

Tiny balls of fiber on fabric

Tensile strength

Fibers ability to withstand tension & pulling

Wicking

Fabrics ability to pull moisture through spaces between yarns

Resilient

Fabrics ability to bounce back into shape after crushing or wrinkling

Abrasion

A worn spot that develops when fibers rub again eat something

Absorbent

Fabrics ability to take in moisture

Texturing

Using chemicals, heat, or special machinery to turn the straight, rodlike filaments into coiled, looped, or crimped yarns

Filament fiber

Long, continuous strands of fiber

Yarn

Fibers are grouped and twisted together to form a continuous strand

Monofilament yarn

A yarn made of a single strand

Spun yarn

A yarn made of staple fibers

Novelty yarn

Made from two or more single yarns that are not alike

Ply

Tells the number of strands twisted together to make a yarn

Blend

Two different fibers are combined into a single yarn

Knit

Method by which yarn is turned into cloth

Weft knit

Basic knit using only one yarn

Double knit

Two yarns and two sets of needles are used

Weaving

Process of interlacing two sets of yarns that are at the right angles of each other

Weft

The crosswise yarns in a woven fabric aka filling yarn

Warp

The lengthwise yarn in woven fabric