Medical Terminology: Gyles & Wedding. Chapter 2

gastr

stomach

hemat

blood

arthr

joint

-itis

inflammation

-emesis

vomiting

-dynia

pain

-logy

study of

oste

bone

encephal

brain

mening

meninges

-centesis

surgical puncture
Ex: arthr/o/centesis: punture of a joint space with a needle and the withdrawal of fluid.

-clasis

to break; surgical fracture
Ex: oste/o/clasis: surgical fracture of a bone to correct deformity

-desis

binding, fixation
Ex:arthr/p/desis: binding together of a joint

-ectomy

excision, removal
Ex: append/ectomy: excision of the appendix

-lysis

separation;destruction;loosening
Ex: Thromb/o/lysis: destruction of a blood clot

-pexy

fixation(of an organ)
Ex: mast/o/pexy: fixation of the breast

-plasty

surgical repair.
Ex:rhin/o/plasty: surgical repair of the nose

-rrhaphy

suture
Ex: my/o/rrhaphy: suture of a muscle

-stomy

forming an opening(mouth)
Ex: trache/o/stomy: forming an opening into the trachea

-tome

instrument to cut
Ex: oste/o/tome: instrument to cut bone

-tomy

incision
Ex: tach/o/tomy: incision (through the neck) into the trachea

-tripsy

crushing
Ex: lith/o/tripsy: crushing a sone

-gram

record, writing
Ex: eletr/o/cardi/o/gram: record of the electrical activity of the heart

-graph

instrument for recording
Ex: cardi/o/graph: instrument for recording electrical activity of the heart

-graphy

process of recording
Ex: angi/o/graphy: process of recording blood vessels

-meter

intrusment for measuring
Ex: pelv/i/meter: instrument for measuring th pelvis

-metry

instrument for examining
Ex: endo/scope: instrument for examining within

-scopy

cisual examination
Ex: endo/scopy: cisual examination within

-algia

pain
Ex:neur/algia: Pain of a nerve

-dynia

pain
Ex: ot/o/dynia: pain in the ear

-cele

hernia, swelling
Ex: hept/o/cele: hernia of the liver

-ectasis

dialation, expansion
Ex: bronchi/ectasis: dailation or expansion of one or more bronchi

-edema

swelling
Ex: lymph/edema: swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid

-emesis

vomiting
Ex: hyper/emesis: excessive vomiting

-emia

blood condition
Ex:an/emia: blood condition cause by a decrease in red blood cells

-gen

forming,producing, origin
Ex: acrcin/o/gen: forming, orducing, or origin of cancer

-genesis

forming, producing,origin
Ex: carcin/o/genesis: forming or producing cancer

-iasis

abnormal condition
Ex: chol/e/lith/iasis: abnormal condition of gallstones

-itis

inflammation

-lith

stone, calculus
EX: chol/e/lith: gallstone

-malacia

softening
Ex: chondr/o/malacia: softening of the articular cartilage, usually involving the patella

-megaly

enlargment
EX: cardi/o/megaly: enlargment of the heart

-oma

tumor
Ex: neur/oma: tumor composed of nerve tissue

-osis

Abnormal condition: increase
Ex:cyan/osis: dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane

-osis

abnormal condition

-pathy

disease
Ex:my/o/pathy: disease of muscle

-penia

decrease, deficiency
Ex: Erthr/o/penia: decrease in red blood cells

-phagia

eating, swallowing
Ex: dys/phagia: inability or difficulty in swallowing

-phasia

speech
Ex:a/phasia: abscence or imparment of speech

-phobia

fear
Ex: hem/o/phobia: fear of blood

-plasia

formation, growth
Ex:dys/plasia: abnormal formation or growth of cells, tissues, or organs

-plasm

formation, growth
Ex:neo/plasm: new formation or growth of tissue

-plegia

paralysis
Ex: hemi/plegia: paralysis of one side of the body

-ptosis

prolapse, downward displacement
Ex: blephar/o/ptosis: drooping of the upper eyelid

-rrhage

bursting forth
Ex: hem/o/rrhage: bursting forth of blood

-rrhagia

bursting forth
Ex: men/o/rrhadia: profuse discharge of blood during menstruation

-rrhea

discharge, flow
Ex: dai/rrhea: abnormal frequent discharge or flow of luid fecal matter from the bowl

-rrhexis

rupture
Ex: arteri/o/rrhexis: reuture of an artery

-scelerosis

abnormal codition of hardening
Ex: arteri/o/schlerosis: abnormal condition of hardening of an artery

-spasm

involutary contraction, twitching
Ex: blephar/o/spams: twitching of the eyelid

-stenosis

narrowing, stricture
Ex: arteri/ostenosis: abnormal narrowing of an artery

-toxic

poison
Ex: hepat/o/toxic: poisonous to the liver

-trophy

nourshment, development
Ex:dys/trophy: bad nourishment

-ac

pertaining to i.e. cardi/ac

-al

pertaining to i.e. neur/al

-ar

pertaining to i.e. muscul/ar

-ary

pertaining to i.e. pulmon/ary

-eal

pertaining to i.e. esophag/eal

-ic

pertaining to i.e. thorac/ic

-ical

pertaining to i.e. path/o/log/ical

-ile

pertaining to i.e. pen/ile

-ior

pertaining to i.e. poster/ior

-ous

pertaining to
or composed of or producing i.e. cutane/ous

-tic

pertaining to i.e. acous/tic

-esis

condition i.e. di/ur/esis

-ia

condition i.e. pneumon/ia

-ism

condition i.e. hyper/thryoid/ism

-iatry

medicine, treatment
Ex: Pod/iatry: specialty concerned with treament and prevention of conditions of the feet

-ician

specialist
Ex:obstetr/ician: physician who specializes in the branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

-ist

specialist
Ex: hemat/o/log/ist: physician who specializes in the treatment of disorders of blood and blood-forming tissues.

-y

condition;process
Ex: neur/o/path/y: disease condition of the nerves

-icle

small, minute
Ex: ventr/icle: small cavity of the brain or heart

-ole

small, minute
Ex: arteri/ole: the smallest of the arteries; minute artery

-ule

small, minute
Ex: ven/ule: small vein continuous with a capillary