Emotional Wellness Exam 2

Energy Nutrients (6 essential nutrients)

Proteins, fats, carbs, vitamins, minerals, and fibers. Avoid excessive consumption of saturated fats, cholesterol, refined grain carbs, sugars, and salt. Increase consumption of polyunsaturated fats, whole grain carbs, natural sugars, and food with fiber.

Explanatory style

Tendency to use similar casual attributions for a wide variety of events in one's life.

Optimistic explanatory styles

Attribute setbacks to external, unstable, and specific factors.

Pessimistic explanatory styles

Attribute setbacks to internal, stable, and global factors.

Self-esteem

One's overall assessment of one's worth as a person; the evaluative component of the self-concept. A global evaluation of many aspects of the self. After childhood, self-esteem appears to be very stable.

Self-handicapping

Tendency to sabotage one's performance to provide an excuse for possible failure.

Marijuana

A mixture of dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds taken from the plant, while the hashish comes from the plant's resin. Effects: Almost immediate impact lasting for hours. The drug has subtle effects on emotion, perception, and cognition. Emotionally,

Role

Gender, career choice, and relationship status. Example: male, married, and teacher.

Qualities

How you think or believe about yourself. Example: Kind, funny, and nice.

Handling peer pressure

Assertiveness: involves the acting in one's best interest by expressing ones thoughts and feelings directly and honestly.

Deborah Tannen, connection vs. control

We talk to get closer or to increase distance. We talk to gain dominance or show respect. Family is most hierarchical and connected. Connection and control are inseparable and interconnected.

Message

Word meaning

Metamessage

Heart meaning

Managing conflict

Avoiding/withdrawing: Low concern for self and others-for minor problems avoiding is a good thing, in big conflicts it is a bad thing.

Accommodating

Low concern for self-high concern for others-the accommodator feels uncomfortable with conflict, gives in easily

Competing/forcing

High concern for self-low concern for others-win or lose- they can be deceitful and aggressive using verbal attacks and physical threats.

Compromising

Moderate concern for self and others-find a sincere solution persons ideas rather than person themselves. Most productive approach for dealing with conflict

Always do your best idea;consequences

Sometimes isn't necessary; enjoy the moment

Zero-sum games under conflict

A situation in which one person's gain is another person's loss.

Transmission of HIV

Transmitted through person-to-person contact involving the exchange of bodily fluids, primarily semen and blood. The two principal methods have been sexual contact and the sharing of needles.

Fitness benefits

Cardiovascular benefits reduce coronary disease, stroke, and hypertension, avoid obesity, decreased risk for colon cancer, reduce cancer, and mental health

Non-threatening feedback

Focus on behavior, not personality; describe, don;t judge; talk about a specific situation-not abstract behavior; focus on the present, share your feelings and perceptions, not advice; do not force feedback on others, proper timing of feedback.

Self-esteem strategies

Parental involvement, acceptance, support not advice, and exposure.

Diseases related to alcohol

Heart disease, hypertension, stroke, cancer, cirrhosis of liver and psychotic states.

Stress

Any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one's well-being and thereby tax one's coping abilities.

Immunity

Immune responses to stress is the body's defensive reaction to invasion of bacteria, viral agents, or other foreign substances.

Ectasy

MDMA, produces a high that usually last a few hours or more. User report that they feel warm, friendly, euphoric, sensual, insightful, and empathetic, yet alert and energetic. Problematic side effects include increased blood pressure, muscle tension, swea

Managing conflict and collaboration

Conflict is a natural phenomenon that may lead to either good or bad outcomes, depending on how people deal with it.

Avoiding/withdrawing

(Low concern for self and others) basically ignoring the problem or distracting yourself with other things, or completely removing yourself from the situation.

Accommodating:

(Low concern for self, high for others) basically conforming and agreeing with and giving in to the conflict; people over concerned with acceptance do this.

Competing/forcing

(High concern for self, low for others) turning every problem into a win-or-lose situation. Use verbal attacks and physical threats. Usually leaves situation with some hostility.

Comprising

(Moderate concern for self and others) finding a result that will ultimately satisfy both parties.

3 truths

It is necessary, management is learned, it just is what it is.

Self-disclosure

Revealing how you are reacting to the present situation and giving any information about the past that is relevant to an understanding of your reactions to the present.

Intimacy

Requires verbalization. Too often, we assume that the other knows how we feel or what we think. It is your responsibility to reach out to the other-with a word, note, a flower, a poem, or whatever method you can give to assurance of your love.

Low-ball technique

Involves getting someone to commit to an attractive proposition before its hidden costs are received. A two-step compliance technique in which the influencer secures agreement with a request but then increases the size of that request by revealing hidden

Root conformity

A change in one's behavior due to the real or imagined influence of other people.

Reducing inter group hostility

Being mindful, work together towards a common goal, cooperative efforts must have successful outcomes, group members must have the opportunity to establish meaningfulness with one another, and equal status with one another

Impression managament

Conscious efforts by people to influence how others think of them

Integration

Make yourself likable

Self-promotion

Low key bragging; to earn respect

Exemplification

Exemplify good behavior

Negative acknowledgement

Fess up to error

Supplication

Bragging;last resort

Casual attributions of behavior

Attribution are interference's that people draw about that cause of their own behavior, others behavior, and events. Fundamental attribution:similar in stereotyping, but you base behavior on actual behavior, explain other's behavior as the result of perso

Self-monitoring

The degree to which people attend to and control the impression they make on others. Low self-monitors-less-less concerned about impression and behaves more spontaneously. High self-monitors-want to make a favorable impression.

Buckminster Fuller Quote

Each life is eternal, individual, unique pattern of integrity at the heart of which, and lasting forever is love.

Prejudice; Authoritarian personality

A negative attitude toward members of a group. A personality type characterized by prejudice toward any group perceived to be different from one. Feel that they are threatening the "in" group and believe they are more moral.

Cognitive Distortions and expectations

Automatically happens when we sort our social world into in and out groups.

Personality, type A

Strong competitive orientation, impatience and time urgency, and anger and hostility.

Personality, type B

Relatively relaxed, patient, easygoing, and amicable behavior.

Feigned Scarcity

Implying that a product is in scare supply, even when fit is not, in order to increase demand for it. People want what they can't have for 2 reasons: things that are harder to get are better quality and when people's choices are constrained in some way, t

Self-acceptance and happiness

Accept yourself: really doing it once you accept the bad things about yourself; everybody has faults so there is no way to get away from them. Something bad happens, self-esteem drops. But bad things happen to good people, but don't lose your value. You a

Contagious diseases and history

Prior to 20th century, leading causes of death were infectious diseases: black plague, smallpox, influenza, typhoid fever, diptheria, yellow fever, malaria, cholera, TB, polio, scarlet fever. Now the leading causes of death are chronic, lifestyle-influenc

Non-verbal communication and body language

The transmission of meaning from one person to another through means or symbols other than words.

Non-verbal sensitivity

Refers to being able to accurately encode and decode nonverbal codes. Conveys emotion.

Multi channel

Gestures, facial expressions, and eye contact. Women are better encoders than men; not because of natural ways, they are more motivated to use body language. It is ambiguous. They may contradict verbal messages. It is culture bound, in Tibet people greet

Stanley Milligrams Experiment on Authority

He took 40 men from a local community who volunteered for a study on the effects of punishment on learning. Found that obedience to authority was even more common than he or others anticipated. Caused by the demands on the participant escalated slowly, th

Obedience

A form of compliance that occurs when people follow direct commands usually from someone in a position of authority. Although people often obey authority figures, sometimes they are disobedient, usually because they have social support.

Vicarious experiences and self-efficacy

Refers to one's belief about one's ability to perform behaviors that should lead to expected outcomes. (belief about what you can do with your skills) It affects individual's commitment to goals, performance on tasks, and ability to come through in the cl

4 ways of raising efficacy

Mastery experiences (mastering new skills) vicarious experiences (watching others do what you want too) persuasion and encouragement ( encouragement of others such as friends), and interpretation of emotional arousal (controlling your emotions and channel

Parenting and self-esteem

Parents play an important role in shaping self-esteem early in life. Two dimensions of parenting are important: parental acceptance and parental control

Authoritarian parenting

Parenting style in which the style emphasizes control and obedience. Low emotional support and high control. Produces fearful children

Permissive parenting

Parenting style marked by submitting to children's desires, making few demands and using little punishment. High emotional support and low control, produces spoiled brats.

Neglectful parenting

Parenting style characterized by a lack of parental involvement in the child's life. Low emotional support and low control, produces angry or resigned children.

Heterosexual intercourse

Which of the following is the most common mode of transmission of HIV?

Psychological dependence

Which of the following is the greatest risk associated with the use of cannabis?

Authoritarian

Which of the following personality types is the most likely to be associated with prejudice?

External attributions

If you think someone's behavior was caused by aspects of a particular situation you are make a(n)

Pessimistic

David attributes setbacks to internal, stable, and global factors. David exhibits which explanatory style?

Self-handicapping

Michelle says" I probably won't do well on the exam because I was up all night with a sick friend. This is the self-esteem strategy of?

Collaboration

Managing conflict to share effort to satisfy both partners?

Verbalization and self-disclosure

Intimacy requires?

Having the groups work together to reach a mutual goal

Which of the following approaches will most likely reduce inter-group hostility between two groups?