NUR 314- Drug Classifications

-cillin

infection
Penicillin antibiotic

-statin

High Cholesterol
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor

-prazole

Peptic Ulcer Disease
Proton Pump Inhibitor

-parin

Anticoagulation
Low-molecular-weight heparin

-epam
-olam

anxiety
benzodiazepines

-afil

Erectile dysfunction
Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor

-floxacin

Infection
Fluoroquinolone

-glitazone

Type 2 Diabetes
Thiazolidinedione

-dipine

Hypertension
Dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker

-olol

Hypertension
Beta-adrenergic blocker

-pril

Hypertension- heart failure
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor

-dronate

Osteoporosis
Bisphosphonate

-triptan

Migraine
Serotonin receptor agonist

-vir

Antiinfective/viral
anti-viral

-azole

Antiinfective/fungal
anti-fungal

Cef-
Ceph-

Infection
Antibiotic

-cycline

infection
Antibiotic

-mab

Autoimmune diseases
Monoclonol antibody

-caine

pain prevention
local anesthetic

-one

hormone replacement
steroid hormone

-vudine

infection
reverse transcriptase inhibitors

Epinephrine

hypertension

cholinergic agonists

hypo tension, bradycardia, increased salivation, bronchial constriction

benzodiazepins

CNS depression

SSRIs

risk for suicide

tricyclic antidepressants

sedation

lithium

electrolyte imbalances, seizures, weakness, coma

opiod (narcotic) pain medications

CNS depression, constipation

Non-steroidal medications

bleeding, gastric ulcerations

beta-blockers

bradycardia, hypotension, dizziness

calcium channel blockers

edema, shortness of breath

ACE inhibitors

cough

furosemide (lasix)

hypokalemia, hypotension

statins (side effects)

muscle aches, weakness, rhabdomyolysis

digoxin

toxicity related to heart rhythms

nitroglycerine

hypotension

anticoagulants

bleeding

decongestants

nervousness

bronchodilators (albuterol)

nervousness, palpitations, tachycardia, anxiety

stimulant laxatives

dependence

antibiotics

allergic reactions, GI upset, pseudomembranous colitis

insulin

hypoglycemia, seizures, coma

metaformin

GI distress

corticosteroids

hyperglycemia, poor wound healing

mineralocorticoids

water intoxication, hypertension, cardiac enlargement

thyroid hormone

tachycardia, weight loss