TEAS

absolute value

distance between a number and zero on the number line

acid

any compound with a hydrogen ion activity greater than water. ph less then 7

acidic solutions

solutions that have a Ph scale value less than 7

active verb

verb that shows an action performed by the subject of the sentence

active voice

state of a sentence that contain an active verb

adaptation

increase from generation to generation of alleles of genes that allows a species to survive in their environment

addition principle

rule that makes it possible to move terms from one side of an equation to the other by adding opposites to each expression

adenosine triphosphate ATP

cellular fule, produced by the mitochondria

adjective

descriptive word that modifies nouns or pronouns

adverbs

word modifying a verb, adjective or other adverb indicating when how where why or how much

alkane

hydrocarbon with single bonds C2H2n +2

alkene

hydrocarbon with double bond C2H2n

alkyne

hydrocarbon with trible bond C2H2n-2

alleles

two or more different forms of a certain gene

alveoli

structure in the lungs that permits the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide to occur

amino acid

building blocks of proteins

anatomical position

a standard position in which the body is facing forward, palms facing forward, feet parallel

anatomy

study of the structure of various organs and body systems

anion

atom or molecule with a negative charge

antecedent

noun that a pronoun refers back to , replaces

antibody

protein produced by a b cell in response to an antigen

arabic numerals

written numbers that use a combination of the whole numbers 0 through 9

arteries

blood vessels that transport blood away from the heart to the capillaries

article

word that is used to limit a noun either indefinite, a an, or definite- the

atom

smallest part of an element that still retains all the original properties of the element

atomic mass

number of protons and neutrons within the nucleus of an atom, the average mass of all of the known isotopes of an element

atomic number

number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, the number of protons that defines a specific atom

attributive tag

part of a sentence that indicates who said a direct quote

autonomic nervous system

branch of the peripheral nervous system that controls autonomic functions like heartbeat and digestion

autotroph

organism that can produce its own food

axon

part of the nerve cell that carries impulses away from the cell body and connects one neuron with another neuron over a synapse

b cell

type of lymphocyte that produces antibodies in response to antigens responsible for hum oral immunity

base

any compound with a hydrogen ion activity less than water, ph greater then7

basic solutions

solutions that have a ph scale value greater than 7

binomial

polynomial that has two terms

binomial nomenclature

two word naming system that includes the universally accepted genus and species of each organism

bronchial tubes

small respiratory passages that connect the trachea to the lungs

capillaries

tiny blood vessels that transport blood between arteries and veins within the body

catalyst

substance that controls the rate of chemical reaction

cation/anion

atom or molecule with a positive charge/ anion negative charge

cause-effect texts structure

first presents an action, then describes the effects that results in an action

cell

basic unit of all life

cell wall

outisde rigid layer that helps separate the inside and outside of both prokaryotic and plant cells

cellular respiration

process in which glucose is used to produce adenosine triphosphate ATP

celcius

metric temperature scale defined by the melting point of ice 0 and boiling point of water 100

central nervous system

the branch of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord

centrosome

microtubule organizing centre that helps to form and organise the mitotic spindle during mitosis

charge

positive or negative distribution within an element

charles darwin

explained adaptation and natural selection

chemical bonding

chemical attraction of atoms due to their electron arrangement

chemotaxis

release of chemicals by damaged cells that attract white blood cells

chlorophyll/chloroplast

green pigment in plants/organelle that contains chlorophyll and is found in plants, used to carry out photosynthesis

chromatid

one of a pair of newly duplicated chromosomes that are still attached to one another, a pair of matching sister chromatids make up the duplicated chromosome

chromosomes

condensed single very ong strands of dna double heliz located i the nucleus of a cell containing hundreds of genes

chyme

micture of food, chemical, and enzymes in the stomach

cilia

tiny hair in the bronchial tubes that keep the airway clear by removing unwanted matter from the lungs

cumulative sentence

...

circulatory system

transportation highway for the body also known as the cardiovascular system

codon

group of three nucleotides on RNA or DNA that encodes for a single specific amino acid.

complex sentence

contains both an independent clause and a dependent clause , clause which is a group of words that are related and contain both a subject and a properly conjugated verb

compound sentence

two or more independent clauses joined together with a coordinating conjunction

connective tissue

bones /cartilage/adipose tissues/blood vessels

coordinating conjunctions

7 known in the english language- words that join other ideas, for and nor but or yet and so FANBOYS

covalent

sharing of electrons between atoms

crude birth/death rate

number of childbirths or deathes per 1000 people per year

cristae

series of folds formed by the inner membrane of a mitochodrion

crytalline order

atoms arranged in a highly ordered state

cumulative sentence

independent clause followed by a string of modifiers

cytokines

chemical messengers that are released by damaged tissues

cytokinesis

division and separation of the cytoplasm from one cell into two new cells . happens in the late anaphase and completes in telophase

cytoplasm

rich protein fluid with gel like consistency that houses organelles

dentrites

branched extensions of the neuron that receive impulses from other neurons and stimuli

density

ratio of mass per volume for a substance

diapedesis

process of white blood cells squeezing through the capillary slits in response to cytokines

diatomic molecule

molecules consisting of two atoms

diploid cells

containing two sets of chromosome

divident

quantitiy to be divided

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid- a molecule that exists as a double stranded helix made from sugars phosphates and nitrogenous bases

dorsal body cavity

contains the cranial cavity and spinal column

duodenum

first section of the small intestine

effectors

glands and muscles that are innervated and extend away from the spinal cord

electrolysis

use of electric current ot drive the breakdown of a molecule

electronegativity

ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself

electrons

negatively charged subatomic particles found in various orbits around the nucleus

element

substance that cannot be decomposed by ordinary chemical means, number of protons in the nucleus

ellipsis

punctuation mark...

endocrine system

controls body functions, glands in this system secrete hormones that travel through the blood to organs throughout the body to regulate processes such aa growth and metabolism

endoplasmic reticulum

tubular transport network with the cell that appears as a stack of flattened membranous sacs

enzyme

protein catalyst- breaks down proteins carbs and fats into nutrients that can be absorbed through the wall of the intestine into the bloodstream

epithelial tissues

provides covering , such as skin, or produces secretions, does not have its own blood supply

etymology

history of a given word, words orignin