Softball

base runner

a baseball player on the team at bat who is on base (or attempting to reach a base) May overrun first base but must turn to the right after tagging first base.

forced out

team in the field tagging a base and it being an out because the previous base runner had to run to make room on the bases

fair ball

(baseball) a ball struck with the bat so that it stays between the lines (the foul lines) that define the width of the playing field

cut-off-man

is the shortstop or second baseman who runs out half way to the out field to catch the ball thrown from a outfielder, The shortstop or second baseman also cover secondbase if they are not the cutoff man.

base hit

(baseball) the successful act of striking a baseball in such a way that the batter reaches base safely

full count

3 balls and 2 strikes

error

(baseball) a failure of a defensive player to make an out when normal play would have sufficed

strike zone

The area over home plate and between the batters forward armpit and top of the knees.
Full count = 3 balls and 2 strikes.

fielding a grounder

Straddle legs, fingers down and palms forward, reach out to ball tip of glove on ground, use opposite hand to pull ball in,

pitching release (pitcher)

feet on rubber, step with opposite foot, pedeulum swing, start at 5:00 to 6:00 and release at 9 - 9:30, ball must reach between 6 and 10 feet, If the bases are loaded and one or no outs and the pitcher is hit a ground ball, they should throw home to stop

batting - Hitting

eye follows the ball, elbows are cocked in the horizontal position. the weight is shifted to the front foot upon contact with the ball and movement continues after the ball is hit

base coverage

when players in the field must cover their base during play situations. Usually the 1ST, 2ND, 3RD, basemen and catcher.

bases loaded

referring to the offensive team when there are runners on first, second, and third base

first baseman

the baseball player who guards the area around first base, Should be around 4 yards away X 1 yard back for a right handed batter. May not interfere with the base runner or they get to advance one base.

homeplate

the base that where the batters box is and is also the strike zone

secondbase

the number two base from 1ST behind the pitcher's mound

thirdbase

the next base from second, the left field foul line runs through the left side of it

firstbase

the first base from home plate, the right field foul line runs through the right side of it

double play

when a ball is hit to a player and the throw is made to a base and then that baseman throws it to another baseman

catcher

the position on a baseball team of the player who is stationed behind home plate and who catches the balls that the pitcher throws

left center fielder

outfield player to the left side of second base

right fielder

the person who plays right field

Tag Up Rule

A player waits for a fly ball to be caught before advancing to the next base must tag the base or else the defense can throw the ball to the base that the runner was on before he can return it and record another out.

Walk

four balls not in the strike zone. Batter gets a free pass to firstbase.

Over Throw

when the ball is thrown past a fielder. If it leaves the playing field into foul territory (out of play), the runner can advance one base. If the ball is thrown and remains inside the foul lines in fair territory, the runner can advance at his own risk.

Foul Ball

a ball hit into foul territory